Scientific Name
Pristipomoides auricilla  
Pristipomoides auricilla黃尾姬鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Jordan, Evermann & Tanaka, 1927) Depth 90 - 360M
Chinese 黃尾姬鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本紫魚 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 散午、汕午(臺東)、肉檨(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Hawaii 
Synonyms Arnillo auricilla   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Jordan, D. S., B. W. Evermann etc. 1927 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056176. ASIZP0059510. ASIZP0060256. FRIP21430. NMMBP02469. NMMSTP00389.  
Common Name Snapper; Goldflag jobfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, robust. Interorbital space flat; jaws about equal or the lower slightly protruding, both with an outer row of conical and canine teeth and an innner band of villiform teeth; vomerine tooth patch triangular; tongue without teeth; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 17 to 21. Dorsal fin with X spines and 11 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 8 soft rays; bases of dorsal and anal fins scaleless, their last soft rays extended into short filaments; pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus, with 16 rays; caudal fin forked. Scales small, about 70 to 74 in lateral line; scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Body purplish or brownish violet; sides with numerous yellow spots or faint, yellow, chevron-shaped bands; upper lobe of caudal fin yellow; dorsal fin yellowish to yellowish-brown. Sexual dichromatism: males over 27 cm (fork length) with much yellow on ventral lobe of caudal fin, usually forming a distinct blotch; females with or without yellowish colour on ventral lobe of caudal fin, but if yellow present, not forming a distinct blotch.
habitats Occurs over rocky bottoms; off Guam, caught most abundantly from 180 to 270 m. Feeds on fishes and salps. 
Distribution Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean from Hawaii to the Andaman Sea, and northward to Japan. It is found in eastern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility A common foodfish in some areas. Marketed fresh.