Scientific Name
Pristipomoides sieboldii  
Pristipomoides sieboldii希氏姬鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1854) Depth 100 - 360M
Chinese 希氏姬鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 西氏紫魚 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鎖吾、散午、紅魚仔、紅臭魚仔、紅臭魚(臺東)、白肉蒜 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Aprion microdon, Bowersia ulaula, Chaetopterus dubius, Chaetopterus sieboldii, Pristipomoides microdon, Pristipomoides seiboldi, Pristipomoides sieboldi   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055890. ASIZP0055895. ASIZP0055905. ASIZP0056093. ASIZP0059795. ASIZP0060657. ASIZP0070766. ASIZP0073230. ASIZP0078296. ASIZP0078297. ASIZP0700074. ASIZP0805705. ASIZP0805837. ASIZP0807182. ASIZP0807183. ASIZP0915705. ASIZP0915837. ASIZP0917182. ASIZP0917183. FRIP00662. FRIP20332. FRIP20378. FRIP21512. NMMBP00139. NMMBP01339. NMMBP02222. NMMBP03050. NMMBP03059. NMMBP04068. NMMBP04273. NMMBP04274. NMMBP04275. NMMBP06299. NMMBP08604. NMMSTP00569.  
Barcode2012-08-20,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Snapper; Von Siebold's snapper fish; Jobfish; Lavender jobfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, robust. Interorbital space flat; lower jaw slightly protruding; both jaws with an outer band of conical and canine teeth and an inner band of villiform teeth; vomerine tooth patch diamond-shaped; teeth present on tongue; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 19 to 22. Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 11 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 8 soft rays; bases of dorsal and anal fins scaleless, their last soft rays extended into short filaments; pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus, with 16 rays; caudal fin forked. Scales small, about 70 to 74 in lateral line; scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Body is silvery with lavender hue; the top of the head with dark spots; margin of the dorsal fin orange; the caudal fin purplish with the inner margin of the fork pale.
habitats Occurs over rocky bottoms; off Guam, caught most abundantly from about 180 to 270 m. Feeds mainly on fishes, shrimps, crabs, polychaetes, cephalopods and urochordates. Marketed mostly fresh. Caught mainly with bottom longlines and deep handlines. 
Distribution Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific from East Africa to Hawaii, and northward to southern Japan. A single specimen, apparently of this species, obtained from Vema Seamount in the southeast Atlantic. It is a common species in Taiwan except western part 
Utility A common foodfish in some areas. Marketed mostly fresh.