Scientific Name
Branchiostegus albus  
Branchiostegus albus白馬頭魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Dooley, 1978 Depth 30 - 100M
Chinese 白馬頭魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 弱棘魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F355 Malacanthidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 白方頭魚 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 馬頭、方頭魚、白馬頭、拉崙(澎湖)、白甘鯛 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、North East 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Branchiostegus argentatus, Branchiostegus japonicus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Dooley, J. K. 1978 Yoshino, T. etc. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0059590. ASIZP0070755. ASIZP0071055. ASIZP0071058. ASIZP0071076. ASIZP0071077. ASIZP0700112. ASIZP0804279. ASIZP0804281. ASIZP0804282. ASIZP0804283. FRIP03174. FRIP21654. NMMBP06399. NMMBP06400. NMMSTP00550. NTUM07066. USNM00177410. USNM00191187Paratype.  
Common Name Tilefish; White horsehead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body quadriform and square-headed. Preopercle finely serrated to its angle with a slight indention above the angle is about 105°. Eye high on head and proportionately small, 20 to 24% head length. Posterior margin of jaw not quite or just reaching a vertical at anterior eye margin. Caudal fin double emarginate. Pelvic fins comparatively broad, with rounded posterior margin. First haemal spine characteristically very recurved. Upper body silvery white with a pink hue (fresh specimens); belly white; snout yellow-pink, cheek with a broad silvery band from suborbit to upper jaw; dorsal-fin membrane translucent with some areas of white or pink; a dark band along margin of spinous dorsal fin; pectoral fins translucent; pelvic fins milky white with some overlying dusky tint; predorsal ridge prominent and pale yellowish; caudal fin dusky, lower lobe not dark, the rays yellow at base, the membranes with small yellow spots, the dorsal and ventral edges mainly white.
habitats Inhabits sandy and muddy areas. 
Distribution Distributed in Northwest Pacific from southern Japan and East China Sea to Taiwan. It is mainly found in northern and northeastern Taiwanese waters, also in southwestern and western parts. 
Utility Marketed mostly fresh.