Scientific Name
Monodactylus argenteus  
Monodactylus argenteus銀鱗鯧
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Linnaeus, 1758) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 銀鱗鯧 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 銀鱗鯧科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F387 Monodactylidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 銀大眼鯧 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 金鯧、銀鯧 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、ShaoLiuChew、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality India 
Synonyms Chaetodon argenteus, Monodachtylus argenteus, Monodactylus argentues, Psettus argenteus, Psettus rhombeus, Scomber rhombeus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0057575. ASIZP0058351. ASIZP0058771. ASIZP0064826. ASIZP0065093. ASIZP0070891. ASIZP0071233. ASIZP0073171. ASIZP0079264. ASIZP0800233. ASIZP0800460. ASIZP0804211. ASIZP0805596. ASIZP0900116. ASIZP0910233. ASIZP0910460. ASIZP0914211. ASIZP0915596. FRIP00197. FRIP20043. FRIP21043. FRIP22422. NMMBP00800. NMMBP02286. NMMBP02443. NMMBP02675. NMMBP03277. NMMSTP00676. NMNSF00834.  
Barcode2012-01-02,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2011-07-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Silver moonfish; Silver mono; Sea kite; Silver and black butterflyfish; Singapore angelfish; Silver moony; Silvery moony; Silver batfish; Diamondfish; Diamond moonfish; Black bat fish; Finger fish; Fingerfish; Natal moony; Kitefish; Natal moonie; Mono 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oval, deep, strongly compressed. Eye moderately large. Mouth small and oblique. Jaws with bands of small conical teeth. Gill membranes free from isthmus, separate. Dorsal fin with VII or VIII spines and 26 to 31 soft rays; anterior soft dorsal-fin rays elongated, situated over midlength of body. Anal fin with III spines and 26 to 31 soft rays; anterior soft anal-fin rays elongated, situated below midlength of body, longer than elongated soft dorsal-fin rays. Posterior edge of dorsal and anal fins distinctly concave. Caudal fin slightly emarginate. Pelvic fins rudimentary or absent in adults. Body, head, and unpaired fins covered by small, deciduous scales. Adults bright silver with yellow and dusky dorsal fin tip. Small juveniles more colorful with yellow over most of the dorsal fin and two vertical black bands over the head.
habitats Commonly found in mangrove estuaries, often entering creeks. Sometimes found in silty coastal reefs. Small juveniles solitary or in small aggregations. Can live in freshwater. Feeds on plankton and detritus. Highly territorial. 
Distribution Widespread in the tropical Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to the Yaeyamas, south to New Caledonia and Australia. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility Sold fresh in local markets. Juveniles are caught for the aquarium-fish trade.