Scientific Name
Parupeneus cyclostomus  
Parupeneus cyclostomus圓口海緋鯉
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1801) Depth 8 - 92M
Chinese 圓口海緋鯉 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鬚鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F382 Mullidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 圓口副緋鯉 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 秋姑、鬚哥、秋哥(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Mauritius 
Synonyms Mullus chryserydros, Mullus cyclostomus, Mullus microps, Mullus radiatus, Parapeneus luteus, Parupenaeus cyclostomus, Parupeneus chryserydros, Parupeneus luteus, Parupeneus lutues, Parupeneus xanthospilurus, Psedupeneus cyclostomus, Pseudupeneus aurantiacus, Pseudupeneus chryseredros ...all 19..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Lacepede, B. G. E. 1801 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0065209. ASIZP0801080. ASIZP0911080. FRIP20377. FRIP20413. FRIP21645. FRIP21662. FRIP21885. NMMBP02208. NMMSTP00867. NTUM03215. NTUM03216. NTUM03217. NTUM03218. NTUM03219. NTUM07982.  
Common Name Surmullet; Yellow saddle goatfish; Yellow goatfish; Yellowsaddle goatfish; Yellowsaddled goatfish; Bright-saddled goatfish; Blue goatfish; Blue kumu; Goldsaddle goatfish; Gold-saddle goatfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 very long slender barbels, reaching to or slightly posterior to end of opercle. Snout long; dorsal profile of snout straight to slightly concave; mouth small, maxilla reaching little more than 1/2 distance to anterior edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 22 to 26 on lower limb (total 29 to 33). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.45 to 1.75 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins slightly longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 to 17 (usually 16). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body has 2 colour phases, the first yellowish grey with blue markings on the scales and a broad saddle-like yellow spot dorsally on caudal peduncle; irregular blue lines radiating from eye and below eye; second dorsal and anal fins with oblique blue lines; caudal fin with blue lines paralleling rays; other phase entirely yellow with a brighter yellow saddle-like spot dorsally on caudal peduncle.
habitats Found on coral, rocky, or rubble bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. Juveniles form schools, adults usually solitary. Feeds primarily on small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa (Ref. 5405) and east to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands; north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa. Throughout Micronesia. It is a common s 
Utility Marketed fresh.