Scientific Name
Parupeneus pleurostigma  
Parupeneus pleurostigma黑斑海緋鯉
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bennett, 1831) Depth 3 - 46M
Chinese 黑斑海緋鯉 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鬚鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F382 Mullidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑斑副緋鯉 
Max Length 33 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 秋姑、鬚哥、黑點秋哥(澎湖)、外海秋哥(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Mauritius 
Synonyms Parupenaeus pleurostigma, Parupeneus brandesii, Parupeneus pelurostigma, Pseudupeneus brandesii, Pseudupeneus pleurostigma, Upeneus brandesii, Upeneus pleurostigma   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Bennett, E. T. 1831 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0058471. ASIZP0058993. ASIZP0805850. ASIZP0915850. NMMBP04918. NMMBP04919. NMMBP08560. NMMSTP00138. NTUM04524.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Sidespot goatfish; Sidedspot goatfish; Spotted goatfish; Whitespot goatfish; Blackspot goatfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 slender barbels which usually reach to or posterior to rear edge of preopercle. Snout moderate; dorsal profile of snout straight to before eye; mouth small, maxilla reaching about 1/2 distance to anterior edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 to 8 (rarely 8) gill rakers on upper limb, 21 to 25 on lower limb (total 28 to 32). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.4 to 1.8 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins distinctly longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 to 17. Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body yellowish grey to light red, often with a pale blue to whitish spot on scales of body and irregular blue lines around eye; a black spot usuallymuch larger than eye centred on lateral line below rear base of first dorsal fin, with a large oval white spot posterior and adjacent to it; base of second dorsal fin blackish, the outer part yellow with dark-edged blue lines.
habitats Primarily an insular species. Usually solitary, it occurs in seagrass beds as well as over sand, rubble, or coral and rock bottoms of shallow lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 46 m. Feeds on benthic animals like crabs, polychaetes and other  
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to Hawaii, Line, Marquesas and Tuamoto Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe and Rapa Islands. Throughout Micronesia. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in southern part.