Scientific Name
Upeneus tragula  
Upeneus tragula黑斑緋鯉
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Richardson, 1846 Depth 5 - 40M
Chinese 黑斑緋鯉 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鬚鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F382 Mullidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑斑緋鯉 
Max Length 25 cm TL  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 秋姑、鬚哥、番秋哥(澎湖)、海汕秋哥(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal  Holotype Locality Caton, China 
Synonyms Upeneoides tragula, Upeneus bensasi, Upeneus luzonius, Upeneus tragua   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Richardson, J. 1846 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055515. ASIZP0055570. ASIZP0059302. ASIZP0059968. ASIZP0061688. ASIZP0065090. ASIZP0067068. ASIZP0067080. ASIZP0800407. ASIZP0802328. ASIZP0802329. ASIZP0802611. ASIZP0900136. ASIZP0910407. ASIZP0912328. ASIZP0912329. FRIP21627. NMMBP00916. NMMBP02139. NMMBP02277. NMMBP04889. NMNSF00408. NMNSF00460. NTMP0155. NTUM00736. NTUM00738. NTUM02025. NTUM03140. NTUM03141. NTUM03142. RUSI35138. SU7990.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,98%
Common Name Red mullet; Bar-tailed goatfish; Darkband goatfish; Dark band goat fish; Blackband goatfish; Blackstriped goatfish; Goatfish; Freckled goatfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate. Chin with 2 slender barbels, usually not reaching rear margin of preopercle. Mouth small; villiform teeth in a narrow band in jaws, on palatines, and in 2 small patches on vomer. First gill arch with 5 to 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 15 to 18 on lower limb. Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, first spine minute, and the second with 9 soft rays; anal fin with 7 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 13 or 14. Lateral-line scales 28 to 30; scales present on side of snout; small scales basally on second dorsal and anal fins. A dark reddish brown to blackish stripe from front of snout through eye, along upper side, to base of caudal fin; head and body above stripe brownish to greenish grey, flecked with small dark reddish brown or blackish spots; body below stripe white with rows of small dark spots; upper lobe of caudal fin with 4 to 6 blackish cross bands, and lower lobe with 5 to 7; first dorsal fin whitish with a large dark red to black blotch containing 2 to several small yellow spots on outer third to half of fin; a second irregular dark blotch in lower part of fin; second dorsal with 3 dark reddish or blackish bands; barbels usually yellow.
habitats Found over sand and mud bottoms near coral reefs. Known to enter lower reaches of rivers. Generally solitary, but forms small to moderately large aggregations at all sizes. 
Distribution Widely distributed in Indo-West Pacific from east Africa to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan; Palau in Micronesia. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh or made into fish balls.