Scientific Name
Pempheris vanicolensis  
Pempheris vanicolensis黑緣擬金眼鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Cuvier, 1831 Depth 1 - 30M
Chinese 黑緣擬金眼鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 擬金眼鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F383 Pempheridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 黑緣單鰭魚 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 三角仔、刀片、水果刀、解餌刀、皮刀 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、ShaoLiuChew、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Oualan 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001);Fishbase(2003)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1831 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0066060. ASIZP0073183. ASIZP0073184. ASIZP0074509. ASIZP0800607. ASIZP0805608. ASIZP0805609. ASIZP0910607. ASIZP0915608. ASIZP0915609. FRIP22469. NMMBP00779. NMMBP01165. NMMBP01200. NMMBP05325. NTMP0261. NTUM01145. NTUM04368.  
Common Name Vanikoro sweeper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body rhomboid, its depth 39% SL or more. Eye large, without adipose lid. Snout short. Opercular spines short and blunt. Dorsal fin very short, usually higher than long, much shorter than anal-fin base and in advance of anal-fin origin, with VI narrow spines and 9 to 10 soft rays; anal-fin base long, with III spines and 38 to 44 soft rays; caudal fin shallowly forked; pectoral fins with 18-19 rays. Scales on flank cycloid and deciduous; lateral line reaching posterior end of caudal-fin rays, with 60 to 74 scales, and scales smaller than (and partly or mostly concealed by) surrounding scales, sensory tubes longer than wide or wider than long; 5-6 scales between lateral line and dorsal-fin origin. Prepelvic area narrow and keeled. Dark brown on back, shading to coppery on sides; dorsal fin with a dark leading edge, and with dark tips on the first 5 or 6 soft rays; anal fin pale or lightly pigmented with a dark distal margin; pectoral fin usually without a distinct dark base; caudal fin dark posteriorly.
habitats Inhabits shallow rocky and coral reefs. Adults occur in large groups that stay in caves and in the shadows of coral overhangs during daytime. At night, they forage on planktonic organisms in open waters, returning to their caverns in the reefs shortly bef 
Distribution Red Sea to Samoa, north to the Philippines and southern Taiwan. 
Utility No commercial value.