Scientific Name
Histiopterus typus  
Histiopterus typus帆鰭魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 Depth 40 - 400M
Chinese 帆鰭魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 五棘鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F396 Pentacerotidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 帆鰭魚 
Max Length 42 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 五棘鯛、旗鯛 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coral  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Histiopterus spinifer, Histiopterus tyfus, Histiopterus types   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055732. ASIZP0058939. ASIZP0060074. ASIZP0063126. ASIZP0063165. ASIZP0063548. ASIZP0065456. ASIZP0065823. ASIZP0066162. ASIZP0066301. ASIZP0070195. ASIZP0070340. ASIZP0076164. ASIZP0800921. ASIZP0801123. ASIZP0801404. ASIZP0807080. ASIZP0910921. ASIZP0911123. ASIZP0911404. ASIZP0917080. FRIP21462. NMMBP01034. NMMBP01742. NMMBP01745. NMMBP01870. NMMBP01873. NMMBP03320. NMMSTP00964. NMNSF00218. NMNSF00607. NTMP0904. NTMP1253. NTOU-AE6287. NTUM00793. NTUM01166. NTUM03963. ...List all 44 records... 
Barcode2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100%
Common Name Sailfin armorhead; Sailfin armourhead; Sailfin boarfish; Deepsea armourhead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oblong-oval and moderately compressed. Head mostly naked. Snout profile concave. Mouth small; jaws with bands of small conical teeth; no supramaxilla; vomer with or without teeth, no teeth on palatines. Gill rakers short, first gill arch with 3 to 6 rakers on upper limb, 14 to 16 on lower limb. Dorsal fin high, sail-like; dorsal-fin spines IV, the first 2 short, the third and fourth much enlarged, longer than head, subequal to first soft ray; dorsal-fin rays 23 to 29; anal fin with III spines and 8 to 10 soft rays; caudal fin slightly emarginate; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18. Scales small to moderate, ctenoid; lateral-line pores 58 to 70. Adult body pale, with dark brown bars. Juveniles pale; large dark brown blotches over head, body, and dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins; pectoral and caudal fins pale, without spots.
habitats Usually found inshore on reefs or on rough bottom of the outer continental shelf and upper slope at depths of 40 to 400 m. 
Distribution Temperate and tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific region from South Africa to Red Sea, Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Australia, Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan. It is a common species in Taiwan except western part. 
Utility No commercial importance.