Scientific Name
Parapercis maculata  
Parapercis maculata中斑擬鱸
by: Luft Wu, Fishery Research Institute
Author (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Depth 1 - 25M
Chinese 中斑擬鱸 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 擬鱸科 Economic Fish No 
Family F435 Pinguipedidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 中斑擬鱸 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 海狗甘仔、狗、舉目魚、雨傘閂、花狗母海、沙鱸、 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tranquebar, India 
Synonyms Parapercis pulchella, Percis maculata, Percis pulchella   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2006);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0072210. ASIZP0072211. ASIZP0804872. ASIZP0804873. ASIZP0914872. ASIZP0914873. BPBMI23112. FRIP00467. NMMBP02413. NMMBP02508. NMNSF00670. NTMP0370. NTMP0750.  
Barcode2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,%
Common Name Harlequin sandperch 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately elongate and little compressed. Head pointed; eyes often jutting slightly above dorsal profile of head, oriented as much dorsally as laterally. Mouth moderately large, protractile; recurved canine teeth in an outer row at front of jaws. Dorsal fin with V spines and 21 or 22 soft rays, shallowly notched between spinous and soft-rays portions, the soft portion clearly higher than the spinous; anal fin with I spine and 18 or 19 soft rays; pectoral fins with 17 rays; caudal fin rounded. Light brownish red to grey-brown dorsally, shading to whitish ventrally, with 6 large subquadrangular dark reddish brown spots on ventral half of body, narrowly linked to less distinct, saddle-like, dark spots dorsally on body. Lower third to fourth of caudal fin dark brownish red. Last membrane of spinous portion of dorsal fin connected to first dorsal-fin ray nearly at its base; ventral fins white.
habitats Coastal species found in shallow estuaries and protected coastal bays to depths of about 25 m. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Persian Gulf to southern Japan. It is found in southwestern and northeastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.