Scientific Name
Polydactylus plebeius  
Polydactylus plebeius五絲多指馬鮁
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Broussonet, 1782) Depth 2 - 20M
Chinese 五絲多指馬鮁 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 馬鮁科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F380 Polynemidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 五指多指馬鮁 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 五絲馬鮁、午仔、鬚午仔(澎湖)、粗鱗午 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tahiti and Tanna 
Synonyms Polyactylus plebeius, Polydactylus agonasi, Polydactylus microstoma, Polydactylus plebejus, Polydactylus plebius, Polynemus agonasi, Polynemus commersonii, Polynemus emoi, Polynemus lineatus, Polynemus lineatus, Polynemus lydiae, Polynemus niloticus, Polynemus plebeius ...all 18..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054575. ASIZP0067487. ASIZP0067570. ASIZP0068548. ASIZP0069721. ASIZP0069731. ASIZP0069733. ASIZP0802862. ASIZP0802880. ASIZP0803229. ASIZP0803230. ASIZP0803231. ASIZP0912862. ASIZP0912880. ASIZP0913229. ASIZP0913230. ASIZP0913231. FRIP20183. FRIP21061. NMMBP00075. NMMBP00077. NMMBP00795. NMMBP01277. NMMBP04615. NMMBP04616. NMMSTP00497. NMNSF00980. NMNSF01600. NTUM00647. NTUM02330. NTUM06288. NTUM06416. NTUM07720. NTUM08132. SU7305.  
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Striped threadfin; Thread-fishes; Common threadfin; Common tassel fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Medium-sized to large species. Eye diameter greater than or about equal to snout length. Snout moderately conical; tooth patch on vomer a wide “v” shape changing to a rounded triangle; premaxillary, dentary, palatine and ectopterygoid tooth patches all wide; width of band of teeth on premaxillaey less than 2 times in space separating band of teeth on one premaxilla from other; postorbital length greater than distance from anterior of snout to posterior margin of preopercle, postorbital length less than or equal to 3/4 of body depth at second dorsal-fin origin. Gill rakers on first gill arch 19 to 28. First dorsal fin with VIII spines; second dorsal fin with I spine and 12 to 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 9 to 12 soft rays; anal-fin base about equal to second dorsal-fin base, 2 times length of anal-fin base greater than distance from pelvic-fin origin to anal-fin origin; caudal-peduncle length greater than length of anal-fin base; about 11 to 16 procurrent caudal-fin rays in dorsal or ventral series; pectoral fins with 14 to 18 simple rays, insert low on body, reaching to middle of pelvic fins or 3/4 of its length; 5 pectoral filaments, fifth filament, from ventralmost, the longest, extending to 3/4 of pelvic fins or past origin of anal fin; pelvic fins reach near or past anus. Lateral-line scales 59 to 69. Body brown or dark olive dorsally, becoming lighter ventrally; adults with about 7 dark olive brown longitudinal lines above lateral line and about 10 below lateral line which are more faintly developed; sometimes reddish towards mouth and nose; dorsal, anal, caudal, and pectoral fins grey distally.
habitats Occur over muddy bottoms of the continental shelf. Feed on small crustaceans, fishes and other benthic organisms. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from East Africa including Madagascar and Mauritius. Muscat, Oman, east along the coast of India and islands of the northern Indian Ocean. Malay Peninsula and Archipelago. Indonesia, north through the Philippines, Taiwan to  
Utility Marketed fresh.