Scientific Name
Polydactylus sextarius  
Polydactylus sextarius六指多指馬鮁
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Depth 19 - 73M
Chinese 六指多指馬鮁 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 馬鮁科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F380 Polynemidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑斑多指馬鮁 
Max Length 30 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 六指馬鮁、午仔、鬚午仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality India 
Synonyms Filimanus heptadactyla, Polydactylus sexfilis, Polynemus sextarius, Trichidion sextarius   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Motomura, H. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0056558. ASIZP0059579. ASIZP0060480. ASIZP0061550. ASIZP0061827. ASIZP0065043. ASIZP0066399. ASIZP0066436. ASIZP0068550. ASIZP0076078. ASIZP0076095. ASIZP0078368. ASIZP0078442. ASIZP0078817. ASIZP0078945. ASIZP0079046. ASIZP0079156. ASIZP0080042. ASIZP0080043. ASIZP0080081. ASIZP0080168. ASIZP0700076. ASIZP0801965. ASIZP0801966. ASIZP0805650. ASIZP0805655. ASIZP0807139. ASIZP0807243. ASIZP0807376. ASIZP0807377. ASIZP0900211. ASIZP0911965. ASIZP0911966. ASIZP0916816. ASIZP0917139. ASIZP0917243. ASIZP0917376. ...List all 57 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Yu-Ming,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Sixfinger threadfin; Black spot six thread tassel fish; Black-spot threadfin; Blackspot threadfin 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic A small species with a deep body. Eye diameter greater than snout length. Snout pointed; posterior margin of maxilla rounded and not deep; upper lip thin; lower lip moderate; vomer edentate; anterior of tooth patch on palatine with medial arm; ectopterygoid tooth patch small; width of band of teeth on premaxillae less than 2 times in space separating band of teeth on one premaxilla from other. Gill rakers on first gill arch 25 to 33. First dorsal fin with VIII spines; second dorsal fin with I spine and 12 to 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 11 to 13 soft rays; anal-fin base about equal to second dorsal-fin base; caudal-peduncle length greater than length of anal-fin base; pectoral fins with 13 to 15 rays, usually 2 dorsalmost pectoral-fin rays simple, others branched; pectoral fins short, insert low on body and reach to 1/3 to 3/4 of pelvic fins; 6 short pectoral filaments, sixth filament, from ventralmost, the longest, less than head length, extending midway along or beyond end of pelvic fins; pelvic fins reach to between anus and anal-fin origin. Lateral-line scales 43 to 49. Dorsally, body and head silvery or golden green to olivaceous; becoming silvery white on sides and ventrally; dark spot present near origin of lateral line covering about second through eighth lateral-line scale and diffusing over 1 row above and below; fins dusky; dorsal fins, pectoral fins, and caudal fin light brown.
habitats A marine species found on muddy bottoms of the continental shelf. Frequently enters estuaries and is found over sand or sand-mud flats in 19 to 73 m depth. Feeds mainly on small crustaceans (especially shrimps), fishes and benthic organisms; also on spong 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea to South Africa; including Madagascar and Mauritius; west coast of India eastward to Sri Lanka and Bay of Bengal; Malay Peninsula, the coast of Sumatra and Java, and Borneo; Gulf of Thailand north along the 
Utility Marketed fresh.