Scientific Name
Chaetodontoplus melanosoma  
Chaetodontoplus melanosoma黑身荷包魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1853) Depth 3 - 30M
Chinese 黑身荷包魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 蓋刺魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F394 Pomacanthidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 黑身荷包魚 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 黑身神仙、碟仔(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan North、North East 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Lawajong, Solor I. 
Synonyms Holacanthus melanosoma   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Bleeker, P. 1853 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0059807. ASIZP0060295. ASIZP0060324. ASIZP0070907. ASIZP0807357. ASIZP0917357. BPBMI23136. FRIP20210. FRIP21153. NTMP0104. NTUM02698. NTUM02699.  
Barcode2016-01-28,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Black-velvet angelfish; Brown angelfish; Black velvet angelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oval, deep, strongly compressed. Preorbital bone convex and without strong spines. 1 prominent spines at angle of preopercle. Ventral edge of interopercle serrated. Eye moderately small. Mouth small, terminal, protractile, gape not extending to anterior rim or orbit.Scale on middle of body with focus before or just on anterior margin of exposed portion. Dorsal fin with XIII spines and 17-18 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 18 soft rays; caudal fin rounded to slightly emarginate. Overall black to dark brown on body; yellowish brown on head and with numerous yellowish orange spots on forehead; dorsal and anal fins with narrrow yellow margin; caudal fin yellow.
habitats An uncommon species that inhabits coastal reefs and drop-offs that are exposed to strong tidal currents at depths of 5 to 25 m. Juveniles on deep rubble slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Feeds on sponges and tunicates. Solitary or in pairs. 
Distribution Distributed from the Indo-Malayan region and New Guinea northward to southern Japan. It is very rare and only found in northern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marine aquarium fish.