Scientific Name
Genicanthus melanospilos  
Genicanthus melanospilos黑紋頰刺魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1857) Depth 1 - 20M
Chinese 黑紋頰刺魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 蓋刺魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F394 Pomacanthidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 黑斑月蝶魚 
Max Length 18 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 黑斑神仙、神仙(臺東) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Amboina 
Synonyms Holacanthus melanospilos   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Hioki, S. etc. 1982 
Specimen List ASIZP0057333. NTUM02689. NTUM02690. NTUM03727. NTUM08000. NTUM08061.  
Common Name Spotbreast angelfish; Blackspot; Blackspot angelfish; Black-spot angelfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately elongate, and strongly compressed. Preorbital bone convex and without strong spines. 1 prominent spines at angle of preopercle. Ventral edge of interopercle serrated. Eye moderately small. Mouth small, terminal, protractile, gape not extending to anterior rim or orbit. Scale on middle of body with focus on exposed portion. Anterior edge of lachrymal strongly serrated. Dorsal fin with XV spines and 16 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 18 soft rays; caudal fin lunate. Males light bluish with about 15 narrow black bars on the sides extending to the top of the head, and a large black spot on breast; females without bars, yellow on the upper sides and light blue below, and with broad submarginal bands on the dorsal and ventral edges of the caudal fin.
habitats Generally seen in pairs on steep outer reef slopes, drop-offs, in caves or along the bases of boulders; in rich coral growth interspersed with sand. Usually occurs in loose groups of females dominated by a male. Sometimes feeds on plankton high above the  
Distribution Distributed throughout the Indo-Malayan region and southwestern Pacific Ocean to Fiji, northward to the Ryukyu Islands. It is found in Lyudao and Lanyu, southeastern Taiwan. 
Utility Marine aquarium fish.