Scientific Name
Scombrops boops  
Scombrops boops牛眼鯥
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Houttuyn, 1782) Depth 20 - 400M
Chinese 牛眼鯥 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯥科 Economic Fish No 
Family F358 Scombropidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 牛眼青鯥 
Max Length 150 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 牛眼鯥、牛目仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、PonFu 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Labrus boops, Scombrops cheilodipteroïdes, Scombrops cheilodipteroides, Scombrops dubius   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Yasuda, F. etc. 1971 Mochizuki, K. 1979 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056120. ASIZP0056135. ASIZP0060790. ASIZP0075009. ASIZP0075463. ASIZP0075472. FRIP01357. FRIP20529. FRIP21715.  
Common Name Gnomefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, slightly compressed. Head (including maxilla) and body covered with cycloid scales. Eyes large. Preopercle finely serrate, with ventral lobe. No spines on opercle. Mouth large, maxilla reaching to below rear half of eye. Lower jaw with 2 or 3 canines at front, followed by a row of 8 or 9 large, knife-like spaced teeth; upper jaw with 12 or 13 large canines and 2 or 3 fang-like teeth just in front of vomer tooth patch; 1 or 2 rows of compressed canines on palatines and a patch of smaller teeth on vomer; 2 elongate patches of small slender teeth on tongue. First gill arch with 2 to 5 gill rakers on upper limb and 12 to 17 on lower limb. Two dorsal fins, the first with VIII or IX spines, the second with I spine and 13 or 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines (first minute) and 11 to 13 soft rays; caudal fin forked. Soft dorsal, anal, and caudal fins scaly. Lateral line complete, with 50 to 57 pored scales to base of caudal fin. Adults golden purplish brown; body of juveniles reddish brown or yellowish dorsally, paler ventrally.
habitats Adults found in deep rocky areas; young found in shallow water. The diet consists of fishes, crustaceans and squids. Spawns from October to March. Biology little known. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific, including Mozambique and South Africa, Japan and the East China Sea. Southeast Atlantic: Cape, South Africa. It is occasionally found in Northeastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Rare deep-sea fishes of no commercial importance.