Scientific Name
Heteropriacanthus cruentatus  
Heteropriacanthus cruentatus血斑異大眼鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1801) Depth 5 - 300M
Chinese 血斑異大眼鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 大眼鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F351 Priacanthidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 灰鰭異大眼鯛 
Max Length 50.7 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 紅目鰱、嚴公仔 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is. 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality Martinique, West Indies 
Synonyms Anthias boops, Cookeolus boops, Labrus cruentatus, Priacanthus alticlarens, Priacanthus argenteus, Priacanthus bleekeri, Priacanthus bonariensis, Priacanthus boops, Priacanthus carolinus, Priacanthus cepedianus, Priacanthus cruentatus, Priacanthus fulgens, Priacanthus japonicus ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Lacepede, B. G. E. 1801 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Lopes, P. R .D. etc. 1997 
Specimen List ASIZP0054462. ASIZP0054499. ASIZP0055364. ASIZP0055544. ASIZP0056589. ASIZP0058754. ASIZP0067078. ASIZP0802846. ASIZP0912846. FRIP22293. NMMBP03799. NMMBP05193. NMMBP06134. NMMSTP00650. NTUM00778. NTUM00779. NTUM03762. NTUM03763. NTUM03815. NTUM05145. NTUM08676. ROM71788. USNM00195096.  
Common Name Rock bullseye; Red big-eye; Bullseye; Dusky-finned bullseye; Bigeye; Balarton; Catalufa; Glasseye snapper; Glass bigeye; Glasseye; Moonshine conga; Moonshine snapper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body deep, ovate, and laterally compressed. Eye large. Mouth oblique; small teeth on dentaries, vomer, palatines, and premaxillaries. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 21 to 25. Dorsal fin with X spines and 13 or 14 soft rays. Anal fin with III spines and 14 soft rays; pectoral fins with 18 or 19 rays; caudal fin truncate. Scales covering most of head and body but scales lacking on posterior portion of preopercle. Pored lateral-line scales 58 to 62. Body and head pinkish red or blotched with red and silver; iris of eye red; fins reddish, membranes of spinous dorsal fin and margin of caudal fin sometimes dusky; caudal, soft dorsal, and anal fins scattered with dark brown spots.
habitats Inhabits shallow reef areas, particularly in insular areas, where it may be common in both lagoons and seaward areas, commonly at depths of 20 m or less. Secretive by day and foraging at night. Feeds on octupuses, shrimps, stomatopods, crabs, small fishes 
Distribution Circumglobal in tropical and tropically influenced seas. It is found in southern and northern Taiwanese waters, and Siao Liouciou, southwestern Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed mostly fresh.