Scientific Name
Priacanthus hamrur  
Priacanthus hamrur寶石大眼鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 8 - 250M
Chinese 寶石大眼鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 大眼鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F351 Priacanthidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 金目大眼鯛 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 紅目鰱、嚴公仔、紅目孔(澎湖)、紅嚴公(澎湖)、紅瞼眶(屏東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Anthias macrophthalmus, Boops asper, Priacanthus dubius, Priacanthus fax, Priacanthus hamrua, Priacanthus hamrus, Priacanthus hanirur, Priacanthus longipinnis, Priacanthus schlegelii, Priacanthus speculum, Sciaena hamrur   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055362. ASIZP0055394. ASIZP0058791. ASIZP0059720. NMMBP08559. NMMSTP00925. NMNSF00853. NTMP0307. NTUM03761. NTUM07247. NTUM07482. USNM00183234. USNM00191178. ZMH14252.  
Common Name Red big eye; Scad; Bigeye; Crescent tail bigeye; Goggle eye; Moontail bullseye; Montail bigeye; Lunar tailed bigeye 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body deep, ovate, and laterally compressed; body depth 2.6 to 2.8 times in standard length. Anterior profile slightly asymmetrical, tip of protruding lower jaw usually above midline of body. Small teeth on dentaries, vomer, palatines, and premaxillaries. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 24 to 26. Dorsal fin with X spines and 13 to 15 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 13 to 16 soft rays; caudal fin with concave margin, slightly emarginate to lunate. Pored lateral-line scales 75 to 80. Body, head, and iris of eye reddish; sometimes silvery white with pattern of broad reddish bars on head and body; row of small dark spots sometimes evident along lateral line; fins red to light pink, with light dusky to nearly black in dorsal-, anal-, and caudal-fin membranes; fins occasionally with yellow.
habitats Uncommon species found in outer reef slopes and deep lagoon pinnacles from 8 to at least 80 m. In small aggregations, sometimes schools in oceanic locations. Feeds on small fish, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and southern Africa to southern Japan and northern Australia and through the central Pacific to French Polynesia. Reported from Easter Island. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters; Lyudao, southeastern Taiw 
Utility Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried.