Scientific Name
Priacanthus tayenus  
Priacanthus tayenus曳絲大眼鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Richardson, 1846 Depth 20 - 200M
Chinese 曳絲大眼鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 大眼鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F351 Priacanthidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 長尾大眼鯛 
Max Length 35 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 紅目鰱、嚴公仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Canton, China 
Synonyms Priacanthus holocentrum, Priacanthus schmittii, Priacanthus tayanus, Priacanthus tayeus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Richardson, J. 1846 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055393. ASIZP0055429. ASIZP0055587. ASIZP0062359. ASIZP0063602. CAS60364. FRIP00894. FRIP03162. NMMBP04757. NMMSTP00555. NTUM03765. USNM00076625.  
Common Name Purple-spotted big eye; Purple-spotted bigeye; Threadfin big-eye 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately deep, moderately elongate, and laterally compressed. Anterior profile slightly assymetrical, extremity of protruding lower jaw usually slightly above level of midline of body. Small teeth on dentaries, vomer, palatines, and premaxillaries. Dorsal fin with X spines and 11 to 13 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 12 to 14 soft rays; caudal fin more or less truncate in smaller specimens but becoming very lunate in some (possibly males) but not all larger specimens. Pored lateral-line scales 51 to 67. Body, head, and iris of eye pink to reddish or silvery white with pink tinges; fins pinkish; pelvic fins with characteristic small deep purple to inky black spots in membranes with 1 or 2 larger spots in connective membrane to belly.
habitats Inhabits coral or rocky areas. Sometimes forms aggregations. Feeds on a wide variety of benthic animals. Smaller fish are mostly found inshore. 
Distribution In coastal areas of northern Indian Ocean from Persian Gulf eastward and into West Pacific from northern Australia and Solomon Islands northward to Taiwan. It is found in southwestern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed mostly fresh, whole or dried-salted.