Scientific Name
Pristigenys niphonia  
Pristigenys niphonia日本大鱗大眼鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 80 - 100M
Chinese 日本大鱗大眼鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 大眼鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F351 Priacanthidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本鋸大眼鯛 
Max Length 27.4 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 紅目鰱、嚴公仔、大目仔(臺東)、紅目孔(澎湖)、紅嚴公(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Polyprion japonicus, Priacanthus meyeri, Priacanthus niphonius, Pristigenys niphonius, Pseudopriacanthus niphonia, Pseudopriacanthus niphonius   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1829 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055365. ASIZP0055517. ASIZP0055597. ASIZP0057464. ASIZP0059137. ASIZP0059326. ASIZP0060009. ASIZP0061203. ASIZP0061511. ASIZP0064912. ASIZP0065885. ASIZP0066015. ASIZP0067757. ASIZP0067791. ASIZP0067793. ASIZP0068239. ASIZP0068260. ASIZP0070167. ASIZP0070444. ASIZP0071099. ASIZP0071978. ASIZP0074385. ASIZP0074474. ASIZP0079423. ASIZP0079486. ASIZP0700124. ASIZP0800150. ASIZP0800684. ASIZP0800685. ASIZP0803518. ASIZP0803552. ASIZP0803554. ASIZP0804000. ASIZP0804021. ASIZP0804269. ASIZP0910150. ASIZP0910684. ...List all 75 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2011-06-13,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Japanese bigeye 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oval, strongly compressed. Posterior nostril large, slit-like, close to eye ondorsal surface of snout. mouth olbique; Teeth villiform, in broad bands on jaws, vomer and palatines. Dorsal fin notched, with X spines and 11 rays; anal fin with III spines and 9 or 10 rays. Body scales margined with minute spines. Body bright scarlet with 3-4 narrow pale vertical bars; median fins with narrow black margin; pelvic fins dark red, blackish distally.
habitats Associated with rocky habitats and known from 80 to more than 100 m depth but probably also occurring in shallower water, especially as juveniles. Eggs are pelagic, small and spherical. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea to South Africa; southern Japan to the Arafura Sea, western Australia and Queensland. It is found in northeastern and western Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed mostly fresh.