Scientific Name
Atrobucca nibe  
Atrobucca nibe黑
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Jordan & Thompson, 1911) Depth 45 - 200M
Chinese Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑姑魚 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黑口、烏喉、黑喉(臺東)、加正、烏加網、黑喉、臭魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Wakanoura, Japan 
Synonyms Argyrosomus nibe, Atrobucca marleyi, Johnius sina, Nibea nibe, Nibea pingi, Pseudotolithus brunneolus, Sciaena marleyi, Sciaena nibe   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Jordan, D. S. etc. 1911 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054519. ASIZP0058617. ASIZP0059180. ASIZP0060958. ASIZP0061095. ASIZP0061166. ASIZP0061192. ASIZP0061847. ASIZP0062181. ASIZP0062182. ASIZP0064313. ASIZP0067336. ASIZP0069728. ASIZP0069734. ASIZP0069740. ASIZP0070550. ASIZP0071038. ASIZP0071047. ASIZP0074782. ASIZP0076048. ASIZP0078935. ASIZP0079432. ASIZP0700251. ASIZP0802219. ASIZP0803224. ASIZP0803225. ASIZP0803241. ASIZP0804467. ASIZP0804468. ASIZP0806439. ASIZP0900231. ASIZP0912219. ASIZP0913224. ASIZP0913225. ASIZP0913241. ASIZP0914467. ASIZP0914468. FMNH52174Holotype. FMNH59521Paratype. ...List all 83 records... 
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,%
Common Name Croaker; Black croaker; Blackmouth croaker; Longfin kob 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin X, I, 25-33; anal fin II, 7; pectoral-fin rays 16-17; lateral-line scales 47-51; gill-rakers 6 + 10-12. A small, moderately-deep-bodied species. Mouth large, terminal and oblique. Upper jaw with outer row of enlarged teeth and narrow inner band of smaller teeth, not connect at center, lower jaw with inner row of enlarged teeth and outer row of anterior teeth crowded together. 5 marginal pores, 3 rostral pores, 6 mental pores. Anterior nostril round, the posterior one oval and slightly larger. Preopercle serrated; operculum ending in two weak, flattened spines (ofter hidden by skin). Inner side of operculum with pseudobranch. Gill rakers slender, slightly longer than gill filaments at angle of arch. Head covered by cycloid scale except upper rear area, other covered by ctenoid scale, 1/3 base of caudal fin covered by small cycloid scale. Dorsal fin origin behind the base of pelvic fins, tip of pectoral fins not reached dorsal fin ray, the origin of pectoral and pelvic fins base under tip of operculum. Caudal fin rhomboid. Sagitta morphology refered to as the Pennahia form. Sagitta moderately triangular with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface convex, with a tadpole-shaped impression; which head heart shaped and tail bended slightly, tip of tail slightly enlarged. Caudal fin pointed to sharp-shaped. The linings of the mouth, gill chamber and body cavity black. Swim-bladder morphology refered to as the Atrobucca form, swimbladder carrot-shaped with a series 27 to 29 pairs of appendages, divided in dorsal and ventral limbs, branched in a wing manner except for the first pair; last 2-6 appendages reduced in size and bud-like or weakly branched (last appendage not tubular).
habitats Found in coastal waters down to a depth of 200 m or deeper, on seaweed beds and gravel. 
Distribution South,Pon_Fu,North,East,West 
Utility Important food fish.