Scientific Name
Collichthys lucidus  
Collichthys lucidus棘頭梅童魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Richardson, 1844) Depth 3 - 90M
Chinese 棘頭梅童魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 棘頭梅童魚 
Max Length 17 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黃皮 
Distribution in World Japan to South China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan West 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality China Seas 
Synonyms Collichthys fragilis, Collichthys lucida, Sciaena lucida   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0073983. FRIP00285. NTMP0555. NTUM07194. NTUM07331. NTUM07335.  
Common Name Big head croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin VIII+I, 26; anal fin II, 11-13; pectoral-fin rays I, 14-16; gill-rakers 9-10 + 18-19. Body elongated and compressed. Mouth large, terminal and slightly oblique. No large canines. 5 marginal pores, without obvious rostral pores, and with 4 mental pores. Gill rakers slender, as long as gill filaments at angle of arch. Sagitta morphology refered to as the Larimichthys form. Sagitta with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface convex with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head round and tail hockey-stick-shaped with rounded tip. Caudal fin pointed. Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Larimichthys form, swim-bladder typically carrot-shaped (tapering posteriorly) with 21-22 appendages; divided in dorsal and ventral limbs, dorsal limb wing expanded. No appendages enter the head.
habitats Found in estuaries 
Distribution West