Scientific Name
Johnius belangerii  
Johnius belangerii皮氏叫姑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1830) Depth 1 - 40M
Chinese 皮氏叫姑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 皮氏叫姑魚 
Max Length 30 cm TL  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黑鮸、加網 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Malabar, India 
Synonyms Corvina australis, Corvina belengerii, Corvina carouna, Corvina comes, Corvina kuhlii, Corvina lobata, Corvina nallakatshelee, Johnius australis, Johnius belengeri, Johnius belengerii, Johnius carouna, Johnius fasciatus, Johnius weberi ...all 17..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1830 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0058728. ASIZP0059042. ASIZP0059874. ASIZP0061721. ASIZP0066402. ASIZP0066421. ASIZP0066556. ASIZP0073599. ASIZP0074811. ASIZP0080295. ASIZP0700216. ASIZP0801953. ASIZP0801954. ASIZP0801959. ASIZP0806148. ASIZP0807429. ASIZP0911953. ASIZP0911954. ASIZP0911959. ASIZP0916148. ASIZP0917429. FRIP01277. NMMBP04473. NMMBP05318. NMNSF00316. NMNSF00896. NMNSF00951. NMNSF00975. NMNSF01030. NTMP0207. NTUM01755. NTUM07161. NTUM07162. NTUM07163. NTUM07230. NTUM07236. NTUM07298. ...List all 50 records... 
Common Name Belanger's croaker; Boulenger's croaker; Belanger's jewfish; Belangeri croaker; Mini-knob; Jewfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin X-XI, I, 26-31; anal fin II, 7-8; pectoral fin I, 16-19; ventral fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 47-49; gill-rakers 4-5 + 10-11.A medium-sized species with a steeply rounded snout; mouth small, inferior; length of the upper jaw longer than lower one; no barbell on chin. 5 marginal pores and 5 rostral pores, 5 mental pores and the median divided. Gill raker short and thin, about 1/3 times of gill filaments at angle of arch. Sagitta morphology referred to as the Johnius form, sagitta moderately triangular, with prominent postcentral umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface convex, with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head semicircle, tail with conical pit. Caudal fin rhomboid. Lining of body cavity gray brown; Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Johnius form, swimbladder hammer-shaped, with 14 to 16 pairs of arborescent appendages, branched in a fan manner; the first branching in the head. Color: body gray brown above and dark light brown with brightly silver ; dorsal fins brown with black margin, pelvic and anal fins yellowish brown at upper half and black at lower half, caudal fin yellowish brown at anterior part and black at posterior part; pectoral fins lightly brown, axillary fold of pectoral fin with a brown patch; operculum bluish purple, with a dark spot between two flattened spines. Gill chamber blackish brown, mouth lining white.
habitats Inhabits coastal waters and estuaries. Feeds on invertebrates, particularly benthic worms. 
Distribution South, North, West. 
Utility Foodfish, marketed fresh.