Scientific Name
Johnius macrorhynus  
Johnius macrorhynus大鼻孔叫姑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Mohan, 1976) Depth 1 - 40M
Chinese 大鼻孔叫姑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大吻叫姑魚 
Max Length 30 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 春子、加網(澎湖)、臭肚仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality India 
Synonyms Johnieops macrorhynus, Johnius weberi   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0060520. ASIZP0062286. ASIZP0062287. ASIZP0065780. ASIZP0065818. ASIZP0073600. ASIZP0078992. ASIZP0080302. ASIZP0080495. ASIZP0700245. ASIZP0801166. ASIZP0801167. ASIZP0806149. ASIZP0911166. ASIZP0911167. ASIZP0916149. NMMBP01017. NMMSTP01646. NMNSF00476-2. NMNSF00488. NMNSF00895. NMNSF01587. NMNSF01591. NTMP0556. NTUM07170. NTUM07171. NTUM07289. NTUM07314. NTUM07332. NTUM07333. NTUM07334. NTUM07344. NTUM07357. NTUM07413. NTUM07415. NTUM07416. NTUM07417. ...List all 43 records... 
Barcode,,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Big-snout croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin X-XI, I, 24-30; anal fin II, 7-8; pectoral fin I, 16-18; ventral fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 45-47; gill-rakers 3-5 + 8-11.Body elongated and compressed. A medium-sized species with a rounded, projecting snout and an inferior mouth; upper jaw protrudes slightly. 5 marginal pores and 5 rostral pores; 5 mental pores and the median divided. Nostrils round, the posterior one larger. Gill raker short and thin. Sagitta morphology referred to as the Johnius form, sagitta moderately triangular, with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface convex, with enlarged, g-shaped imprint, head of imprint semicircle, cauda with conical pit. Top of pectoral-fin base before beginning of dorsal and pelvic fins and below posterior margin of gill cover. Caudal fin rhomboid. Lining of body cavity blackish brown. Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Johnius form, swimbladder hammer-shaped, with 15 pairs of appendages, branched in a fan manner; the first branching in the head.Color: upper part of body purplish brown, lower part white to clear yellow; dorsal fin light brown, spinous dorsal fin with dark brown margin; pelvic, anal and caudal fins yellowish brown; gill cover bluish purple with a faint steel blue blotch between flattened spines. Upper part of gill chamber brown, lower part yellow, mouth lining pink.
habitats Inhabits shallow coastal waters 
Distribution South, North, West. 
Utility Foodfish, marketed fresh.