Scientific Name
Larimichthys polyactis  
Larimichthys polyactis小黃魚
Author (Bleeker, 1877) Depth 20 - 100M
Chinese 小黃魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 小黃魚 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黃魚、小黃瓜、厚鱗仔、黃口、黃順、黃瓜、紅瓜 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Shanghai, China 
Synonyms Argyrosomus polyactis, Collichthys polyactis, Collichthys rathbunae, Larimichthys rathbunae, Othonias brevirostris, Pseudosciaena manchurica, Pseudosciaena polyactis, Sciaena manchurica, Sciaena ogiwara   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  Bleeker, P. 1877 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0060519. ASIZP0065229. ASIZP0065773. ASIZP0065827. ASIZP0080102. ASIZP0801159. ASIZP0801160. ASIZP0801161. ASIZP0911159. ASIZP0911160. ASIZP0911161. FRIP00920. MTP0174. NTUM07303. NTUM07347. USNM00191181. USNM00191182. USNM00191183.  
Common Name Yellow croaker; Yellowfish; Croaker; Little yellow croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin VIII-X, I, 31-36; anal fin II, 9-11; pectoral fin I, 14-17; ventral fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 53; gill-rakers 9 + 19-20.Body elongated and compressed; Head bluntly pointed with a large, terminal and slightly oblique mouth; snout not protruded. Teeth differentiated into large and small in both two jaws, the large forming outer series in upper jaw and without teeth at tip; large teeth in inner series in lower jaw and with a group of teeth on knob at tip of lower jaw. 5 marginal pores and 3 rostral pores; 4 mental pores and the median divided. Gill raker slender. Sagitta morphology referred to as the Larmichthys form, sagitta with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface slightly convex, with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head round and tail spoon-shaped. Dorsal fin origin, top of pectoral fin and origin of pelvic fin about equal, at tip of gill cover. Caudal fin rhomboid. Lining of body cavity brown; Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Larimichthys form, swimbladder carrot-shaped with a series 27-28 pairs of appendages, divided in dorsal and ventral limbs, no appendages enter the head; dorsal limb branched in a wing manner.Color: body purplish brown above and golden below. Front of lower jaw with brown spots. Dorsal fin light brown, caudal fin golden yellow at anterior part and light brown at posterior part; anal fin golden yellow and dark brown at anterior and posterior margins, pelvic fin golden yellow; pectoral fins light yellow. Mouth lining white, margin of mouth light pink, gill chamber black. Anal soft rays usually 9.
habitats Found in the sublittoral zone above 120 m in sandy mud bottoms. 
Distribution Pon_Fu, West. 
Utility Foodfish