Scientific Name
Nibea albiflora  
Nibea albiflora黃姑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Richardson, 1846) Depth 3 - 50M
Chinese 黃姑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃姑魚 
Max Length 43.5 cm SL  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 春子、假黃魚、黃婆、紅花(臺南安平) 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Canton 
Synonyms Corvina albiflora, Corvina fauvelii   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  Richardson, J. 1846 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054576. ASIZP0058793. ASIZP0059485. ASIZP0060518. ASIZP0062806. ASIZP0063554. ASIZP0072802. ASIZP0072803. ASIZP0072804. ASIZP0075294. ASIZP0075458. ASIZP0075461. ASIZP0076046. ASIZP0076056. ASIZP0078415. ASIZP0079209. ASIZP0079210. ASIZP0079211. ASIZP0079337. ASIZP0805473. ASIZP0805474. ASIZP0805475. ASIZP0807009. ASIZP0807173. ASIZP0915473. ASIZP0915474. ASIZP0915475. ASIZP0917009. ASIZP0917173. FRIP00753. FRIP03159. MTP0120. MTP0122. MTP0137. MTP0190. NMMBP04328. NMMBP04334. ...List all 64 records... 
Barcode2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name White flower croaker; Flower croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin X, I, 29-30; anal fin II, 7; pectoral fin I, 16-18; pelvic fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 49-51; gill-rakers 4-8 + 10-13.Body elongated and compressed, with slightly bulged dorsal profile; snout slightly projecting; mouth large, terminal and slightly oblique, length of upper jaw longer than lower jaw. Teeth differentiated into large and small in both two jaws; the large forming outer series in upper jaw as canine teeth; a group of teeth but no knob at tip of lower jaw, no canine teeth. 5 marginal pores, 5 rostral pores; 5 mental pores and the median divided. Gill rakers slender. Caudal fin rhomboid. The second spine of anal fin brawny, about 2.1 times of eye-diameter. Sagitta morphology referred to as the Nibea form. Sagitta oval with umbo on postcentral 2/3 of outer surface; inner (medial) surface with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head heart shaped, tail grooved and bended at right angle. Lining of body cavity with little black spots. Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Nibea form, swimbladder carrot-shaped with a series 20-25 pairs of appendages, branched in a fan manner; the first and longest entering head and branching under occipital region, the last 1 to 3 simple tubes parallel to tubular end of main bladder, the rest arborescent with no dorsal limb. Color: Body purplish brown at upper part and silver/orange at lower part; Dark oblique streaks (spots or lines) running upward and backward on flanks; base of dorsal fin blackish brown, a series of dark spots at the bases of the rays; caudal fin yellowish brown; anal and pelvic fins yellow with brown little spots; pectoral fin light brown, axillary fold with a black patch. Gill cover bluish purple. The linings of the mouth white, gill chamber black.
habitats Found near shore, including semi-enclosed sea areas, in mud to sandy mud bottom. 
Distribution North, West. 
Utility Foodfish