Scientific Name
Pennahia anea  
Pennahia anea截尾白姑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch, 1793) Depth 3 - 60M
Chinese 截尾白姑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石首魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F381 Sciaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 截尾銀姑魚 
Max Length 30 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 帕頭 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Malabar, India 
Synonyms Argyrosomus aneus, Corvina macrophthalmus, Johnieops aneus, Johnius aneus, Johnius resplendens, Otolithes aureus, Otolithes ruber, Otolithes versicolor, Otolithus leuciscus, Otolithus macrophthalmus, Pennahia macrophthalmus, Pennahia macropthalmus, Pseudosciaena anea ...all 17..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0073492. ASIZP0073965. ASIZP0078416. ASIZP0078417. ASIZP0078418. ASIZP0806036. ASIZP0807174. ASIZP0807175. ASIZP0807176. ASIZP0916036. ASIZP0917174. ASIZP0917175. ASIZP0917176. NTUM07188.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Truncate-tail croaker; Donkey croaker; Grey fin jew fish; Greyfin croaker; Bigeye croaker 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin X, I, 24; anal fin II, 7; pectoral fin I, 16; pelvic fin I, 5; lateral-line scales 49; gill-rakers 6 + 12; Body elongated and compressed, dorsal profile moderately curved. Head short and high. Mouth large, terminal and oblique; snout not protruded; length of upper jaw about equal to lower jaw. Teeth differentiated into large and small in both two jaw, upper jaw with outer row enlarged as canine teeth; lower jaw with inner row enlarged. 5 marginal pores, 5 rostral pores. Mental pores in 2 pairs, both small, the first pair at front of chin, separated by symphysis. Gill rakers slender, as long as gill filaments at angle of arch. Sagitta morphology referred to as the Pennahia form, sagitta moderately triangular, with umbo on outer surface; inner (medial) surface moderately convex with a tadpole-shaped impression, which head heart shaped, tail bended at right angle. Top of pectoral fin base before the origins of dorsal and pelvic fin bases, all origins equal to the tip of gill cover. Caudal fin truncate. Lining of body cavity light brown. Swim-bladder morphology referred to as the Pennahia form, swim-bladder typically carrot-shaped with 17-22 pairs of appendages, each with a ventral limb only, branched in a wing manner except for the first pair. None entering head. The posterior simple and parallel to the tubular end of the swimbladder.Color: body golden yellow at upper part and silverly white at lower part. Nape with a diffused dusky blotch. Tip of both jaws with brown spot; dorsal and caudal fin brown with dark brown margin; anal and pelvic fins light brown. Lining of mouth white.
habitats Occurs in inshore waters. Feeds on small crustaceans, benthic worms and small fishes. 
Distribution North, West. 
Utility Marketed fresh and dried salted.