Scientific Name
Rastrelliger kanagurta  
Rastrelliger kanagurta金帶花鯖
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1816) Depth 20 - 90M
Chinese 金帶花鯖 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯖科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F475 Scombridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 羽鰓鮐 
Max Length 38 cm TL  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鐵甲、媽鱟、姑婆頭(臺南安平)、肉鰱(高雄) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Ocean、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality India 
Synonyms Rastelliger kanagurta, Rasteltiger kanagurta, Rastreliger kanagurta, Rastrelliger brachysoma, Rastrelliger canagurta, Rastrelliger chrysozonus, Rastrelliger kanagugurta, Rastrelliger loo, Rastrelliger microlepidotus, Rastrelliger serventyi, Rastrellinger kanagurta, Rastrilleger kanagurta, Scomber canagurta ...all 22..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Cuvier, G. 1816 Collette, B.B. 1970 Collette, Bruch B. 1970 Bruce B. Collette 1970 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 JAWAD, L.A etc. 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0054525. ASIZP0054579. ASIZP0058170. ASIZP0069750. ASIZP0070780. ASIZP0073282. ASIZP0075235. ASIZP0700270. ASIZP0802517. ASIZP0803252. ASIZP0805757. ASIZP0806709. ASIZP0912517. ASIZP0913252. ASIZP0915757. ASIZP0916709. FRIP20181. FRIP22467. FRIP22468. NMMBP00601. NMMBP04470. NMMBP04949. NMMBP05266. NMMBP05690. NMMBP05691. NMMSTP00353. NTMP0286. NTUM00054Paratype. NTUM06839. RUSI35134. USNM00192526. USNM00192904. USNM00192910.  
Common Name Rake gilled mackerel; Rake gillat mackerel; Striped mackerel; Striped makerel; Colombo cure; Chub mackerel; Mackerel; Long-jawed mackerel; Indian mackerel; Longjaw mackerel 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately deep; head longer than body depth. Maxilla partly concealed, covered by the lacrimal bone, but extending to about hind margin of eye; gill rakers very long, visible when mouth opened, 30 to 46 on lower limb of first arch; a moderate number of bristles on longest gill raker. Two dorsal fins, well separated from each other; the first with IX to XI spines, the second with 11 to 13 rays followed by 5 finlets; anal fin with 11 to 12 rays followed by 5 finlets; pelvic fin with 19-22 rays. Narrow dark longitudinal bands on upper part of body (golden in fresh specimens) and a black spot on body near lower margin of pectoral fin; dorsal fins yellowish with black tips, caudal and pectoral fins yellowish; other fins dusky.
habitats Occurs in coastal bays, harbors and deep lagoons, usually in some turbid plankton-rich waters. Form schools. Feeds on phytoplankton (diatoms) and small zooplankton (cladocerans, ostracods, larval polychaetes, etc.). Adult individuals feed on macroplankton 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to Indonesia, north to the Ryukyu Islands and China, south to Australia, Melanesia and Samoa. Entered the eastern Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal. It is a very common species in Tai 
Utility Generally marketed fresh, frozen, canned, dried-salted, and smoked; also made into fish sauce.