Scientific Name
Scomber japonicus  
Scomber japonicus白腹鯖
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Houttuyn, 1782 Depth 0 - 300M
Chinese 白腹鯖 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯖科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F475 Scombridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本鯖 
Max Length 64 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 花飛、青輝、花飛(澎湖)、飛威(澎湖)、白肚花飛(澎湖)、花仙、花鰺(潮汕) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is. 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Pneumatophorus colias, Pneumatophorus diego, Pneumatophorus grex, Pneumatophorus japonicus, Pneumatophorus japonicus japonicus, Pneumatophorus japonicus marplatensis, Pneumatophorus peruanus, Scomber capensis, Scomber colias, Scomber dekayi, Scomber diego, Scomber gigas, Scomber gracilis ...all 26..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  O'Connell, C.P. etc. 1972 ROSA MA. OLVERA LIMAS 1975 Schaefer, K.M. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Baker, E.A. etc. 1998 
Specimen List ASIZP0054532. ASIZP0055702. ASIZP0058169. ASIZP0061098. ASIZP0061117. ASIZP0061196. ASIZP0061548. ASIZP0064943. ASIZP0064950. ASIZP0064957. ASIZP0071535. ASIZP0071537. ASIZP0073012. ASIZP0073021. ASIZP0075314. ASIZP0075315. ASIZP0079078. ASIZP0079518. ASIZP0700053. ASIZP0800004. ASIZP0800005. ASIZP0800012. ASIZP0806984. ASIZP0806985. ASIZP0910004. ASIZP0910005. ASIZP0910012. ASIZP0916984. ASIZP0916985. FRIP00998. FRIP00999. FRIP01000. FRIP01001. FRIP01023. FRIP01135. FRIP01342. FRIP01346. ...List all 54 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2008-03-24,鄭惇遠,CO1,100% 2008-03-24,鄭惇遠,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Scomber; Pacific mackerel; Spanish mackerel; Slimy mackerel; Smaach; Striped mackerel; Blue mackerel; Common mackerel; American mackerel; Big-eyed mackerel; Chub mackerel; Mackerel; Greenback mackerel; Japan mackerel 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate and rounded. Snout pointed; front and hind margins of eye covered by an adipose eyelid; teeth in upper and lower jaws small and conical; palatine narrow, with teeth in single or double rows; when double, rows close and running into each other. First dorsal fin with XI to XII spines; the second with 11 to 12 rays followed by 5 finlets; anal fin with 11 to 13 rays followed by 5 finlets; pectoral fins with 20 to 21 rays. Swimbladder present. No well developed corselet but body covered with rather small scales. Back with oblique lines which zigzag and undulate; belly unmarked (Pacific populations) or marked by spotting or wavy broken lines (Atlantic populations).
habitats A coastal pelagic species, to a lesser extent epipelagic to mesopelagic over the continental slope.. Stays near the bottom during the day; goes up to the open water at night, where it feeds on copepods and other crustaceans, fishes and squids. 
Distribution Cosmopolitan, inhabiting the warm and temperate transition waters of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans and adjacent seas. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh, frozen, smoked, salted and occasionally canned. Eaten fried, broiled and baked. Used in Chinese medicine.