Scientific Name
Aethaloperca rogaa  
Aethaloperca rogaa煙鱠
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 200M
Chinese 煙鱠 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 紅嘴煙鱸 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 紅嘴石斑、過魚、珞珈鱠、黑鱠仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Aethaloperca rogan, Aethaloperca rogga, Aethaloperca rogoa, Aetheloperca rogaa, Aetholoperca rogaa, Athaloperca rogae, Cephalopholis rogaa, Perca lunaria, Perca rogaa   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Snyder, D. B. etc. 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0054913. ASIZP0057308. ASIZP0060623. NMMSTP00142. NTMP1371.  
Common Name Red-flushed rock-cod; Redmouth rockcod; Redmouth groper; Redmouth grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines and 17 or 18 rays, the fin origin over opercle; dorsal-fin membranes slightly incised between the spines, the third or fourth spine longest; anal fin with III spines and 8 or 9 rays; middle dorsaland anal-fin rays elongate in adults, giving these fins an angular profile, with the rear margin almost vertical; pectoral fins asymmetric, with 17 to 19 rays, the fifth or sixth ray longest; a well-developed scaly flap of skin joining upper pectoral-fin rays to body; pelvic fins subequal to pectoral fins, reaching to or beyond anus; caudal fin truncate, with 8 branched rays and 9 procurrent rays in upper part and 7 branched rays and 8 procurrent rays in lower part. Scales on body ctenoid, with auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 48 to 54; lateral-scale series 94 to 104. Pyloric caeca 10. Supraneural bones 2, not noticeably curved; dorsal and anal fins with 3 or 4 trisegmental pterygiophores; rear edge of first dorsal-fin pterygiophore not excavated for tip of third neural spine; epipleural ribs on vertebrae 1 to 10; cranium cuneiform, high posteriorly, with an elevated supraoccipital crest continuous with a well-developed median crest on the frontals; parietal crests convergent anteriorly, not reaching frontals; dorsolateral crests on frontals are approximately parallel, project laterally and are medial to and separate from the postorbital processes; interorbital region of cranium distinctly convex.
habitats Aethaloperca prefers well-developed coral reefs in depths of 3 to at least 60 m. Usually seen in or near caves and holes in the reef. Morgans (1982) reported that small fishes (including Pempheris sp., a common cave dweller) are the primary  
Distribution Red Sea to South Africa and east to the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) in the central Pacific; Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Caroline Islands, Palau, iland, India, Pakistan, Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and probab 
Utility An uncommon species, occasionally seen in markets.