Scientific Name
Cephalopholis sexmaculata  
Cephalopholis sexmaculata六斑九刺鮨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Rüppell, 1830) Depth 6 - 200M
Chinese 六斑九刺鮨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 六斑九棘鱸 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 六斑鱠、過魚、石斑、鱠仔(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Cephalopholis coatesi, Cephalopholis gibbus, Cephalopholis leopardus, Cephalopholis miniatus, Cephalopholis sexmaculatus, Epinephelus leopardus, Epinephelus sexmaculatus, Serranus leopardus, Serranus sexmaculatus, Serranus zanana   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E. etc. 1985 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056033. FRIP21561.  
Common Name Six-banded grouper; Six-blotch rockcod; Sixblotch hind; Sixband cod; Sixspot rockcod; Six-spotted rockcod; Sixspot grouper; Cave grouper; Freckled rock cod; Freckled rock-cod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines (the fin membranes distinctly indented between them) and 14 to 16 rays; anal fin rounded, with III spines and 9 rays; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18; pectoral fins clearly longer than pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.4 to 1.6 times in head length; pelvic-fin length contained 1.9 to 2.2 times in head length; caudal fin well rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, without auxiliary scales (just a few in very large specimens); lateral-line scales 49 to 54; lateral-scale series 95 to 108.
habitats Coral reefs in depths of 10 to 150 m; a secretive species, generally seen hiding in caves and crevices on the outer reef slope. C. sexmaculata is active nocturnally in shallow water and diurnally in deeper water (Shpigel and Fishelson, 1989b). Rand 
Distribution Red Sea and Indo-Pacific from South Africa (southern Natal) to French Polynesia. Confirmed records from the Indian Ocean include Kenya, Zanzibar, Comoro Islands, Mauritius, Reunion, Maldives, Chagos Islands, and Christmas Island. 
Utility C. sexmaculata is of commercial interest to certain local fisheries.