Scientific Name
Cephalopholis sonnerati  
Cephalopholis sonnerati宋氏九刺鮨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1828) Depth 10 - 40M
Chinese 宋氏九刺鮨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 索氏九棘鱸 
Max Length 57 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 網紋鱠、過魚、石斑、紅舵 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、PonFu、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Pondicherry, India 
Synonyms Cephalopholis aurantius, Cephalopholis cyanostigma, Cephalopholis formosanus, Cephalopholis purpureus, Cephalopolis sonnerati, Cepholopholis sonnerati, Epinephelus janthinopterus, Epinephelus multinotatus, Epinephelus sonnerati, Epinephelus unicolor, Serranus sonnerati, Serranus unicolor, Serranus zananella ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056187. ASIZP0056222. ASIZP0056327. ASIZP0061289. ASIZP0074947. ASIZP0806494. ASIZP0916494. FRIP20506. FRIP21241. FRIP21437. FRIP21455. FRIP22305. NMMBP02307. NMMBP06383. NMMBP06398. NMMBP08678. NMMBP08688. NTUM02200. RUSI37065.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Red coral rod; Tomato rock-cod; Tomato grouper; Tomato sea bass; Tomato rockcod; Tomato hind; Tomato seabass 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines and 14 to 16 rays, the membranes distinctly indented between the spines; anal fin with III spines and 9 rays; pectoral fins with 18 to 20 rays; pectoral fins subequal to pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.5 to 1.7 times in head length for fish 9 to 30 cm standard length (in fish larger than 30 cm standard length, the pelvic fins are longer than the pectoral fins); pelvic fins reaching or extending beyond anus; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid; lateral-line scales 66 to 80; lateral-scale series 115 to 134.
habitats C. sonnerati is a coral reef species usually caught in depths of 30 to 100 m, but at Madagascar it occurs in depths of 10 to 20 m. It feeds on fishes and crustaceans. According to Morgans (1982), females mature at about 28 cm standard length and ma 
Distribution Indo-Pacific from the east coast of Africa (from Socotra to Durban) to the Line Islands in the central Pacific; in the western Pacific, C. sonnerati ranges from southern Japan to southern Queensland. It is known from both continental and insular lo 
Utility This common and widespread species is commercial importance throughout most of its range.