Scientific Name
Cephalopholis spiloparaea  
Cephalopholis spiloparaea黑緣九刺鮨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1828) Depth 15 - 100M
Chinese 黑緣九刺鮨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑緣尾九棘鱸 
Max Length 22 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黑邊鱠、過魚、石斑 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、LanI Is.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Pondicherry, India and Sri Lanka 
Synonyms Cephalopholis analis, Cephalopholis aurantia, Cephalopholis aurantius, Cephalopholis spiloparae, Serranus spiloparaeus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Donaldson, T.J. 1995 Randall, J.E. etc. 2008 
Specimen List ASIZP0063375. FRIP20222.  
Barcode2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,%
Common Name Orange-red pigmy grouper; Strawberry hind; Strawberry grouper; Strawberry rockcod; Strawberry cod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines and 14 to 16 rays; anal fin with III spines and 9 rays; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19, rarely 19; pectoral fins clearly longer than pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.3 to 1.6 times in head length; pelvic fins not reaching anus, their length contained 1.9 to 2.2 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, without auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 47 to 53; lateral-scale series 84 to 103.
habitats Perhaps the most common species of grouper on Indo-Pacific coral reefs below 40 m; specimens have been collected in depths of 15 to 108 m. It appears that nothing is known of the biology of this species. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific from Pinda, Mozambique (15ºS) to French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Group; in the western Pacific, C. spiloparaea ranges from the Ryukyu Islands of Japan to Heron Island at the southern end of the Great Barrier Reef. Except for the 
Utility Because of its small size and relatively deep habitat, this grouper is of little commercial importance.