Scientific Name
Cephalopholis urodeta  
Cephalopholis urodeta尾紋九刺鮨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forster, 1801) Depth 1 - 50M
Chinese 尾紋九刺鮨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 尾紋九棘鱸 
Max Length 28 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 霓鱠、過魚、石斑、珠鱠、紅朱鱠(臺東)、白尾朱鱠(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Waitaho 
Synonyms Cephalopholis urodela, Cephalopholis urodelus, Cephalopholis urodelus, Epinephelus erythraeus, Epinephelus playfairi, Epinephelus playfayri, Epinephelus urodelus, Perca urodeta, Perca urodeta, Serranus erythraeus, Serranus mars, Serranus mauritiae, Serranus mauritiiae ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054859. ASIZP0056163. ASIZP0056188. ASIZP0057488. ASIZP0059138. ASIZP0059580. ASIZP0065791. ASIZP0065992. ASIZP0074243. ASIZP0800730. ASIZP0801079. ASIZP0802448. ASIZP0802513. ASIZP0802514. ASIZP0802560. ASIZP0910730. ASIZP0911079. ASIZP0912448. ASIZP0912513. ASIZP0912514. ASIZP0912560. FRIP00204. FRIP20304. FRIP21269. FRIP21323. FRIP21389. FRIP21993. FRIP22210. NMMBP00007. NMMBP00015. NMMBP00653. NMMBP01207. NMMBP01215. NMMBP02432. NMMBP02627. NMMBP08687. NMMSTP00713. ...List all 49 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Banded-tail coral-cod; Darkfin hind; Brown-finned rock-cod; Duskyfin rockcod; Blackfin cod; Grouper; Flag-tailed grouper; Flagtail cod; Flagtail grouper; Flagtail rockcod; Flag-tailed rockcod; Flag-tailed rock-cod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with IX spines and 14 to 16 rays; anal fin with III spines and 9 (rarely 8) rays; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral fins distinctly longer than pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.3 to 1.7 times in head length; pelvic fins usually not reaching anus, pelvic-fin length contained 1.8 to 2.3 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Snout and maxilla with minute cycloid scales, lateral-body scales ctenoid, without auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 54 to 68; lateral-scale series 88 to 108.
habitats This is a common coral reef species that is usually seen in outer reef areas, but also found in lagoons, back-reef areas, and on the reef-top. It has been collected in depths of 1 to 60 m. Randall and Brock (1960) found that it feeds mainly on fishes (68% 
Distribution Indian Ocean from the coast of Africa (Kenya to northern South Africa) to French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Islands; not known from the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf, or the coast of India. 
Utility It does well in an aquarium and may find a market as an aquarium fish.