Scientific Name
Cromileptes altivelis  
Cromileptes altivelis駝背鱸
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1828) Depth 10 - 50M
Chinese 駝背鱸 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 駝背鱸 
Max Length 70 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 老鼠斑、鰵魚、烏丸稅、尖嘴鱠仔、觀音鱠、斟鰻鱠(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Java 
Synonyms Chromileptes altivelis, Cromileptis altivales, Cromileptis altiveles, Cromileptis altivelis, Epinephelus altivelis, Serranus altivelis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054197. ASIZP0056152. ASIZP0056195. ASIZP0066498. ASIZP0067095. ASIZP0074957. ASIZP0075195. ASIZP0801948. ASIZP0802389. ASIZP0806504. ASIZP0806670. ASIZP0911948. ASIZP0912389. ASIZP0916504. ASIZP0916670. FRIP00300. NMMBP05129. NMMBP06530. NMMSTP00890. NTMP0445. NTMP0956. NTMP1386. NTUM00008Paratype. NTUM00810. NTUM06117. NTUM07463. NTUM07464. NTUM07480. NTUM08383. NTUM08384. NTUM08575. NTUM08576. NTUM08577. NTUM08578. NTUM08579. NTUM08580. RUSI35654. ...List all 37 records... 
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2008-04-29,鄭惇遠,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Panther grouper; Pantherfish; Red fish; Polka-dot grouper; Polkadot grouper; Barramundi cod; Baramundi cod; Barrimundi cod; Hump-back rock-cod; Flatfish grouper; Highfinned grouper; Humpback rockcod; Humpback grouper 
Redlist Status DD IUCN Redlist: Data deficient(DD)  2000-06-30 IUCN Group  
Characteristic Body compressed, the depth less than head length, and contained 2.6 to 3.0 times in standard length (for fish 12 to 37 cm standard length); body width contained 2.4 to 2.6 times in the depth. Head length contained 2.5 to 2.8 times in standard length; dorsal head profile distinctly concave, rising steeply at the nape; preorbital very narrow, its depth contained about 5 times in eye diameter and 30 to 32 times in head length; preopercle finely serrate, the serrae at the angle slightly enlarged, the lower edge smooth: opercle with middle spine inconspicuous, the upper and lower spines rudimentary; posterior nostril a large, crescentic, vertical slit; maxilla extending to below rear half of eye; no step or knob on ventral edge of maxilla; supramaxilla well developed; jaws with bands of villiform teeth; no canines; palatines with teeth. Gill rakers short, 8 to 11 on upper limb, 13 to 17 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with X spines and 17 to 19 rays, the fin origin over opercle, the fin membranes not incised between the spines, the posterior spines longest and the soft-rays even longer; anal fin with III spines and 9 or 10 rays; pectoral fins rounded, with 17 or 18 rays; the middle rays longest; caudal fin rounded, with 8 branched rays and 8 procurrent rays in upper part and 7 branched rays and 8 procurrent rays in lower part. Scales on body smooth (the ctenii greatly reduced); lateral-line scales 54 to 62; lateral-scale series 106 to 122. Pyloric caeca 13.
habitats Generally inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs and are typically found in dead or silty areas. Also found around coral reefs and in tide pools. Growth is very slow. Feed on small fishes and crustaceans. Artificial spawning was accomplished by Tang et al. 197 
Distribution Western Pacific: southern Japan to Palau, Guam, New Caledonia and southern Queensland, Australia. Eastern Indian Ocean: Nicobar Islands to Broome, Western Australia. Reports from western Indian Ocean (Heemstra and Randall 1984, 1986), are unsubstantiated, 
Utility Juveniles are commonly caught for the aquarium trade while adults are utilized as a food fish.