Scientific Name
Epinephelus akaara  
Epinephelus akaara赤點石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) Depth 4 - 30M
Chinese 赤點石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 赤點石斑魚 
Max Length 58 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 紅斑、石斑、過魚、珠鱠 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、PonFu、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Epinephelus diacanthus, Epinephelus fario, Epinephelus ionthas, Epinephelus lobotoides, Serranus akaara, Serranus shihpan, Serranus variegatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Temminck, C.J. etc. 1842 鵜川正雄,桶口正毅,水戶敏 Ukawa, M. etc. 1966 水戶敏,鵜川正雄,桶口正毅 Mito, S. etc. 1967 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0054754. ASIZP0055690. ASIZP0063524. ASIZP0067505. ASIZP0067523. ASIZP0072797. ASIZP0073293. ASIZP0074002. ASIZP0074930. ASIZP0802390. ASIZP0802391. ASIZP0805468. ASIZP0805768. ASIZP0806492. ASIZP0912390. ASIZP0912391. ASIZP0915468. ASIZP0915768. ASIZP0916492. NMMBP06340. NMMSTP00379. RUSI28048. RUSI28054.  
Common Name Redspotted grouper; Red grouper; Hong Kong grouper; Garrupa 
Redlist Status EN IUCN Redlist: Endangered(EN) A2d 2003-04-30 IUCN Group  
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 15-17 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 8-9 soft rays; pectoral fin 17-19 soft rays; latertal-line scales 50-54; longitudinal scale series 92-106; body covered with ctenoid scares except anterodorsally, on thorax, and abdomen; gill rakers 8-9+15-17 of first gill arch; pyloric caeca 12-16. Body depth contained approx. 3.1 times in standard length (for fish 11 to 38 cm standard length); head length contained approx. 2.5 times in standard length. pelvic fins not reaching anus, thier length contain 2.1 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Head and body pale brownish grey, covered with small red, orange or gold spots, 6 faint oblique dark bars visiable on body, the first bar on nape, the third confluent with a dark brown on body at base of lst 3 dorsal-fin spines, the last bar on caudal peduncle; dark body bars extend only onto base of dorsal-fin; dorsal-fin margin yellow or orange; a row of dusky yellow or orange spots along middle of spinous diorsal fin and another row along base of fin.
habitats This species is common in rocky area. Ukawa et al. (1966) reported pair spawning in shallow culture ponds between 1530 and 1630. The egg is transparent, 0.7 to 0.77 mm in diameter, with colorless yolk. Hatching occurred after 23-25 hrs at 25.1-27 degree C 
Distribution Western Pacific: from southern China, Taiwan, East China Sea, Korea, and southern Japan. 
Utility Commercial important species in Hong Kong and Japan.