Scientific Name
Epinephelus areolatus  
Epinephelus areolatus寶石石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 6 - 300M
Chinese 寶石石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 寶石石斑魚 
Max Length 47 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 流氓格仔、糯米格仔、石斑、過魚、白尾鱠、珠鱠(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Bodianus melanurus, Ephinephelus areolatus, Epinephelus angularis, Epinephelus chlorostigma, Epinephelus craspedurus, Epinephelus waandersii, Perca areolata, Serranus angularis, Serranus celebicus, Serranus glaucus, Serranus waandersii   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0054738. ASIZP0055530. ASIZP0058111. ASIZP0058512. ASIZP0060993. ASIZP0064715. ASIZP0064778. ASIZP0067524. ASIZP0067557. ASIZP0067560. ASIZP0070984. ASIZP0074954. ASIZP0074962. ASIZP0800491. ASIZP0800492. ASIZP0802386. ASIZP0802387. ASIZP0802388. ASIZP0804172. ASIZP0806501. ASIZP0806509. ASIZP0900049. ASIZP0910491. ASIZP0910492. ASIZP0912386. ASIZP0912387. ASIZP0912388. ASIZP0914172. ASIZP0916501. ASIZP0916509. FRIP03116. FRIP20513. FRIP21610. NMMBP02221. NMMBP03062. NMMBP03178. NMMBP03309. ...List all 44 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Yellow-spotted rock-cod; Yellow-spotted rockcod; Squaretail rockcod; Spotted grouper; Areolate rock cod; Areolate grouper; Areolated grouper; Green-spotted rock cod; Grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dosal rays XI,15-17; anal rays III,7-8; pectoral rays 17-19; lateral-line scales 49-53; longitudinal scale series 97-116; scales on body ctenoid except thorax and ventrally on abdomen; auxiliary scales present on body; maxilla with vary small scales; gill raker 8-11 + 14-16 of first gill arch; pyloric caeca 11-17. Body depth less than head length, depth contained 2.8-3.3 times in SL; Head, body, and fins pale, covered with numberous close-set brown, brownish yellow, or greenish yellow spots, the largest about size of pupil, those on front of head smaller than those on operculum. Pectoral fin pale, with small dark spots on the rays. Posterior edge of caudal fin with a distinct white margin.
habitats The species is usually found in seagrass beds or fine sediment bottoms near rocky reefs, dead coral or alcyonarians. It has been taken in depth of 6 to 200m. At New Caledonia. E. areolatus was reported to feed in penaeid prawns. 
Distribution It occurs in the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and western Indian Ocean south to Natal, South Africa. Its range extends eastward to India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Viet Nam, Indonesia, Philippines, Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Japan, northern 
Utility It's common in the markets of Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and throughtout its range.