Scientific Name
Epinephelus awoara  
Epinephelus awoara青石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) Depth 1 - 65M
Chinese 青石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 青石斑魚 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 黃丁斑、石斑、過魚、中溝、白馬罔仔 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Epinelhelus awoara, Epinephelus awaora, Serranus awoara   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Temminck, C.J. etc. 1842 He, D. etc. 1992 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 丁淑慧 1997 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0054752. ASIZP0055035. ASIZP0055616. ASIZP0055737. ASIZP0057721. ASIZP0065113. ASIZP0071051. ASIZP0073249. ASIZP0074948. ASIZP0074949. ASIZP0074950. ASIZP0074953. ASIZP0079029. ASIZP0079117. ASIZP0800776. ASIZP0804465. ASIZP0805724. ASIZP0806495. ASIZP0806496. ASIZP0806497. ASIZP0806500. ASIZP0910776. ASIZP0914465. ASIZP0915724. ASIZP0916495. ASIZP0916496. ASIZP0916497. ASIZP0916500. BPBMI23068. BPBMI23161. CAS15176. MTP0036. NMMBP06555. NMMBP06667. NMMBP08849. NMMSTP00380. NMMSTP01557. NTUM00043Paratype. ...List all 51 records... 
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2012-10-25,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Yellow grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 15-16 rays, the third or fourth spines longest but shorter than the longest ray, anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 17-19; pectoral fins longer than pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.6-1.9 times in head length; caudal fin convex. Lateral-body scales distinctly ctenoid, with auxiliary sclaes in fish larger than 30cm standard length; lateral-line scales 49-55; lateral-scales series 92-109. First gill arch with 22-26 gill-rakes, of which & or 9 on upper limb & 16 to 18 on lower limb. Pyloric caeca 12, in 3 bundles.
habitats Occurs in rocky areas as well as on sandy-mud bottoms. Juveniles are common in tide pools. In captivity, the species is aggressive, chasing and biting other species, especially members of its own species. Artificial fertilization of eggs was done and the  
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Korea, Japan, Taiwan, China, Viet Nam, and islands in the South China Sea 
Utility E. awoara is a valuable food fish, which is caught with trawls or hook-and-line.