Scientific Name
Epinephelus chlorostigma  
Epinephelus chlorostigma密點石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1828) Depth 4 - 290M
Chinese 密點石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 密點石斑魚 
Max Length 75 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、白麻、碎米鱠、珠鱠 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Seychelles 
Synonyms Serranus areolatus japonicus, Serranus assabensis, Serranus celebicus multipunctatus, Serranus chlorostigma, Serranus geoffroyi, Serranus reevesii, Serranus tauvina   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0054821. ASIZP0055541. ASIZP0063381. ASIZP0802637. FRIP20439. FRIP21799. FRIP21852. NMMBP00017. NMMBP01217. NMMBP04507. NMMBP06580. NTMP0576. NTUM00812.  
Common Name Brownspotted grouper; Brown-spotted grouper; Brownspotted rockcod; Grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines & 16-18 rays; anal fin with III spines & 8 soft rays. Live color whitish, with small dark brown spots on head, body, and fins except ventrally on head, thorax, and lower abdomen. Can assume a transient color phase of 3-4 rows of very large round dark spots on top of the small-spot pattern. 96-125 scales in longitudinal series. Pyloric caeca 26-52.
habitats Found over a wide range of habitats like seagrass beds and outer reef slopes (Ref. 5213); in the South China Sea, it is also found on mud bottoms. Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (mainly stomatopods and crabs). Sexual transition from female to male  
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Natal, South Africa and eastward to the western Pacific, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Records from Persian Gulf are apparently misidentifications of Epinephelus polylepis. Not verified from the Comoros, contine 
Utility It has commercial purposes in fisheries.