Scientific Name
Epinephelus coioides  
Epinephelus coioides點帶石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Hamilton, 1822) Depth 0 - 160M
Chinese 點帶石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 橘點石斑魚 
Max Length 120 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、紅花、紅點虎麻、紅斑、青斑 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Large Gangetic estuaries, India 
Synonyms Bola coioides, Cephalopholis nebulosus, Epinephelus coiodes, Epinephelus flavocaeruleus, Epinephelus malabaricus, Epinephelus nebulosus, Epinephelus salmoides, Epinephelus suillus, Epinephelus tauvina, Homalogrystes guntheri, Serranus nebulosus, Serranus salmonoides, Serranus suillus ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Francis Hamilton, (formerly Buchanan,) M. D. 1822 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0055630. ASIZP0056196. ASIZP0056216. ASIZP0062886. ASIZP0066964. ASIZP0067575. ASIZP0069719. ASIZP0074054. ASIZP0074488. ASIZP0700200. ASIZP0700310. ASIZP0700311. ASIZP0802353. ASIZP0803259. ASIZP0806042. ASIZP0912353. ASIZP0913259. ASIZP0916042. NMMBP02754. NMMBP04392. NMMBP04394. NMMBP04504. NMMBP04506. NMNSF01016. NTMP0258. NTUM01636. NTUM08335. NTUM08336. NTUM08337. NTUM08684.  
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Orange-spotted grouper; Orangespotted rockcod; Estuary cod; Green grouper; Estuary grouper; Estuary rock cod 
Redlist Status NT IUCN Redlist: Lower Risk/near threatened(NT)  2004-04-30 IUCN Group  
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines & 14-16 soft rays, the third or fourth spines longest, 2.9-4.0 times in head length; anal fin with III spines & 8 soft rays, the third usually longer than the second; pectoral-fin rays 18-20; pelvic-fin length contained 1.9-2.7 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales rough ctenoid; With minute auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 58-65; lateral-scales series 100-118. Gill raker 8-10 on upper limb, 14-17 on lower limb, 23-26 total of first gill arch.
habitats Inhabit turbid coastal reefs and are often found in brackish water over mud and rubble. Juveniles are common in shallow waters of estuaries over sand, mud and gravel and among mangroves. Feed on small fishes, shrimps, and crabs. Probably spawn during rest 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea south to at least Durban, South Africa and eastward to Palau and Fiji, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and Australia. Recently reported from the Mediterranean coast of Israel. 
Utility It has commercial purpose in fisheries and aquaculture.