Scientific Name
Epinephelus hexagonatus  
Epinephelus hexagonatus六角石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forster, 1801) Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 六角石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 六角石斑魚 
Max Length 27.5 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 六角格仔、石斑、花點格、鱸狸、蜂巢石斑魚、鱠仔(澎湖)、花鱠(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tahiti 
Synonyms Ephinephelus hexagonatus, Epinephalus hexagonatus, Epinephelus hexagonathus, Epinephelus merra, Epinephelus stellans, Holocentrus hexagonatus, Serranus hexagonatus, Serranus parkinsonii, Serranus stellans   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0055059. ASIZP0055096. ASIZP0055547. ASIZP0057329. ASIZP0058117. ASIZP0059060. ASIZP0059688. ASIZP0061299. ASIZP0065947. ASIZP0066033. ASIZP0070110. ASIZP0074058. ASIZP0074928. ASIZP0800746. ASIZP0800747. ASIZP0804414. ASIZP0806490. ASIZP0910746. ASIZP0910747. ASIZP0914414. ASIZP0916490. FRIP21062. FRIP21390. FRIP21586. FRIP21611. NMMBP01102. NMMBP01736. NMMBP02344. NMMBP02361. NMMBP02486. NMMBP08712. NMMSTP00087. NTOU-AE6005. NTUM06764. NTUM07005. NTUM07093. NTUM07249. ...List all 39 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Orange sea bass; Star-spotted grouper; White specked rockcod; Starspotted grouper; Wirenetting cod; Hexagon grouper; Hexagon rockcod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 15 to 17 rays, the fifth to ninth spines subequal (their length contained 2.5 to 2.8 times in head length) and slightly shorter than longest rays, the interspinous membranes incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays, the second spine contained 2.1 to 2.5 times in head length, distinctly longer than third spine or depth of peduncle; pectoral-fin rays 17 to 19; pectoral-fin length contained 1.6 to 1.9 times in head length; pelvic fins not reaching past anus, their length contained 1.8 to 2.1 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 61 to 70; ateral-scale series 93 to 114.
habitats Common in exposed outer-reef areas in relatively shallow water. Well-camouflaged grouper, solitary. Feeds mainly on fishes and crustaceans (stomatopods and brachyuran crabs). 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: none have been taken on the African coast, except for the specimen recorded by Randall and Heemstra 1991 from Kenyan coast north of Kilifi Creek. It is an insular species found in most tropical Indo-Pacific islands. Absent in the Red Se 
Utility Probably of some important as a food in artisanal fisheries because of its abundance at most island.