Scientific Name
Epinephelus lanceolatus  
Epinephelus lanceolatus鞍帶石斑魚
by: ©Randall, John E.
Author (Bloch, 1790) Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 鞍帶石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鞍帶石斑魚 
Max Length 270 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 龍膽石斑、過魚、槍頭石斑魚、倒吞鱟、鴛鴦鱠、龍躉(香港) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Indian Ocean 
Synonyms Batrachus gigas, Holocentrus lanceolatus, Oligorus goliath, Oligorus terrae-reginae, Promicrops lanceolatus, Serranus abdominalis, Serranus geographicus, Serranus lanceolatus, Serranus phaeostigmaeus, Stereolepoides thompsoni   
Reference Shao & Kuo (1999);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Kuo, S.-R. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0058331. ASIZP0080000. ASIZP0807314. ASIZP0917314.  
Barcode2016-01-13,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Queensland grouper; Queensland groper; Bridlebass; Brindlebass; Brindle grouper; Brindle bass; Giant grouper 
Redlist Status VU IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU) A2d 1996-08-01 IUCN Group  
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14 to 16 rays, the 3rd to 11 th spines subequal, their length contained 3.1 to 5.7 in head length and much shorter than longest rays in adults; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 18 to 20; pectoral-fin length contained 1.8 to 2.2 times in head length;pelvic fins not eaching anus, their length contained 2.1 to 2.6 times in head length: caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales smooth, with auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 54 to 62, the anterior scales with branched tubules (except small juveniles); lateral-scale series 95 to 105.
habitats The largest bony fish found in coral reefs. Common in shallow waters. Found in caves or wrecks; also in estuaries. Individuals more than a meter long have been caught from shore and in harbors. Juveniles secretive in reefs and rarely seen. Feeds on spiny  
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Algoa Bay, South Africa and eastward to the Hawaiian and Pitcairn islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Absence in the Persian Gulf is puzzling. 
Utility E. lanceolatus is not common enough to be of commercial importance, but it is often the target of spear-fishermen because of its size.