Scientific Name
Epinephelus maculatus  
Epinephelus maculatus花點石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch, 1790) Depth 2 - 350M
Chinese 花點石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 花點石斑魚 
Max Length 60.5 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、花鱠、鱠仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North East、PonFu、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality East Indies 
Synonyms Epinephelus maculates, Holocentrus albo-fuscus, Holocentrus albofuscus, Holocentrus maculatus, Plectropoma kulas, Serranus medurensis, Serranus sebae   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0058121. ASIZP0058122. ASIZP0058123. ASIZP0061354. ASIZP0070762. NMMSTP00014. NTUM04528.  
Common Name Trout cod; Brown-spotted rock-cod; Highfin grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 15 to 17 rays; anal fin with III spines and 8 soft rays. Head, body and fins of adult pale brown, covered with small, round to hexagonal, close-set, dark brown spot, extending on to ventral part of body and head front portion of spinous dorsal fin about 50% taller than on other species at all sizes. Small juveniles black with white blotches, becoming more spotted with age.
habitats Juveniles are found in shallow coral rubble, adults in isolated coral heads of lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of 82 m. Feeds mainly on sand-dwelling fishes and crustaceans, sometimes on octopuses. In the Hong Kong live fish markets. May be ciguatoxic  
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands and Indonesia; South China Sea to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. 
Utility minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums.