Scientific Name
Epinephelus malabaricus  
Epinephelus malabaricus瑪拉巴石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 瑪拉巴石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 瑪拉巴石斑魚 
Max Length 234 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 馬拉巴、石斑、土斑、過魚、來貓、厲麻、虎麻、青斑、黑點、鱸魚麻(澎湖)、厲麻鱠(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Tranquebar, India 
Synonyms Cephalopholis malabaricus, Epinephelus abdominalis, Epinephelus cylindricus, Epinephelus malabrica, Epinephelus salmoides, Epinephelus salmonoides, Epinephelus tauvina, Holocentrus malabaricus, Holocentrus salmoides, Serranus crapao, Serranus estuarius, Serranus polypodophilus, Serranus salmonoides ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0054876. ASIZP0066502. ASIZP0067520. ASIZP0067540. ASIZP0067569. ASIZP0074926. ASIZP0074955. ASIZP0075123. ASIZP0075278. ASIZP0075279. ASIZP0801890. ASIZP0802352. ASIZP0802354. ASIZP0802356. ASIZP0806488. ASIZP0806502. ASIZP0806997. ASIZP0806998. ASIZP0911890. ASIZP0912352. ASIZP0912354. ASIZP0912356. ASIZP0916488. ASIZP0916502. ASIZP0916997. ASIZP0916998. FRIP00187. FRIP00397. FRIP21119. FRIP22419. NMMBP00016. NMMBP01216. NMMSTP00810. NTUM00822. RUSI28221.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Greasy grouper; Malabar rockcod; Malabar grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist   IUCN Group  
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14 to 16 rays, the third to fifth spines usually slightly longer than posterior spines, their length contained 3.1 to 4.0 times in head length and distinctly shorter than longest rays, the interspinous membranes incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays, the third Spine usually longest; pectoral-fin rays 18 to 20; pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 2.2 times in head length, pelvic-fin length contained 2.1 to 2.6 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 54 to 64; anterior lateral-line tubes of large adults with 2 to 4 branches; lateral-scale series 101 to 117. Pyloric caeca numerous (more than 80 branches).
habitats A common species found in a variety of habitats: coral and rocky reefs, tide pools, estuaries, mangrove swamps and sandy or mud bottom from shore to depths of 150 m. Juveniles found near shore and in estuaries; sex reversal probable; catch statistics poor 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Tonga, north to Japan, south to Australia. It is not known from the Persian Gulf, where the closely related Epinephelus coioides is common. 
Utility highly commercial fisheries; commercial aquaculture fish; also for gamefish