Scientific Name
Epinephelus morrhua  
Epinephelus morrhua弧紋石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1833) Depth 80 - 50M
Chinese 弧紋石斑魚 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 弧紋石斑魚 
Max Length 90 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、鱠仔(澎湖)、倒吞鱟(澎湖)、油斑(香港) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Mauritius 
Synonyms Cephalopholis morrhua, Epinephelus cometae, Epinephelus poecilonotus, Serranus morrhua   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0056323. ASIZP0061294. ASIZP0067500. ASIZP0802385. ASIZP0912385. FRIP20267. FRIP20556. NMMBP03209. NMMBP04982. NMMBP05060. NTUM00826. NTUM06313.  
Common Name Snakesking sea bass; Comet cod; Contour rockcod; Blue grouper; Comet grouper; Grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14 or 15 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length contained 2.6 to 3.3 times in head length and about equal to longest dorsal-fin ray; anal fin with III spines and 7 or 8 rays, the second and third spines subequal; pectoral-fin rays 17 or 18; pectoral-fin length contained 1.8 to 2.2 times in head length; pelvic fins not reaching anus, their length contained 2.0 to 2.7 times in head length; caudal fin convex to moderately rounded.Lateral-body scales distinctly ctenoid, occasionally with a few auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 55 to 64; lateral-scale series 108 to 125.
habitats Considered rare in Tahiti but quite common in atolls. The species is easily confused with E. poecilonotus, E. radiatus, or E. tuamotuensis, three closely related deep-water groupers. Known to be ciguatoxic at Mauritius. Uncommon in local markets (p 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the central Pacific. 
Utility An excellent food fish, but not common in local markets (probably because of its deep-water habitat). Said to be dangerous (because of ciguatera) at Mauritius (Postel, et al., 1963).