Scientific Name
Epinephelus poecilonotus  
Epinephelus poecilonotus琉璃石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) Depth 45 - 150M
Chinese 琉璃石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 琉璃石斑魚 
Max Length 65 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、鱠仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Synonyms Epinephelus morrhua, Epinephelus poecilonatus, Epinephelus praeopercularis, Serranus poecilonotus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Temminck, C.J. etc. 1842 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0070756. NTMP1361.  
Common Name Dot-dash grouper; Dot-dash rockcod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Gill rakers 8 to 10 on upper limb, 15 to 18 on lower limb of first gill arch; longest gill raker subequal to longest gill filaments. Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14 or 15 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length contained 2.6 to 3.1 times in head length and subequal to longest dorsal-fin ray, the interspinous membranes deeply incised (adults with membrane free length at front of third and fourth spines half or more of spine length); anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral fins not fleshy, with 17 to 19 rays; pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 2.1 and pelvic-fin length contained 2.0 to 2.6 times in head length; caudal fin convex. Lateral-body scales ctenoid (with auxiliary scales on adults); lateral-line scales 54 to 63; lateral-scale series 110 to 121 (1 specimen from Sri Lanka with 104 and 1 from Kenya with 136). Pyloric caeca 8 or 9.
habitats This deep-water species has been taken in depths of 45 to 375 m. Morgans (1982) reported 19 specimens, taken by hook-and-line at the bottom in 95 to 130 m on the North Kenya Banks; these specimens were 35 to 51 cm standard length, and Morgans estimated th 
Distribution E. poecilonotus is an Indo-West Pacific species ranging from the east coast of Africa to Japan, Korea, South China Sea, Viet Nam and Fiji. 
Utility This species seems to be too rare to be an commercial species.