Scientific Name
Epinephelus retouti  
Epinephelus retouti雷拖氏石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bleeker, 1868 Depth 20 - 300M
Chinese 雷拖氏石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 雷氏石斑魚 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、鱠仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Reunion 
Synonyms Epinephelus mauritianus, Epinephelus retouti mauritianus, Epinephelus rubra, Epinephelus truncatus, Serranus retouti   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Bleeker, P. 1868 Randall, J. E. etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0056036. ASIZP0056058. ASIZP0056159. ASIZP0061286. ASIZP0063596. ASIZP0072204. ASIZP0072241. ASIZP0804294. ASIZP0804295. ASIZP0914294. ASIZP0914295. BPBMI23205. FRIP21514. NMMSTP00747. RUSI31830.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Red-tipped grouper; Red-tipped rockcod; Brownback cod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 16 or 17 rays, the third to fifth spines longest, their length contained 2.4 to 3.1 times in head length; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral fins fleshy, with 19 or 20 rays; pectoral-fin length contained 1.5 to 1.8 times, pelvic-fin length contained 1.8 to 2.2 times in head length; caudal fin truncate to slightly convex. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with numerous auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 64 to 76; lateral-scale series 120 to 141. Pyloric caeca numerous (more than 40).
habitats Adults are found on coral reefs and outer reef slopes in depths of 70 to 220 m; juveniles occur in depths of 20 to 40 m. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: islands in tropical and subtropical waters from the western Indian Ocean to Jarvis Island (Line Islands, Kiribati) and French Polynesia (Ref. 4787), including Bassas da India (Mozambique Channel) (Ref. 5222). 
Utility This species is too rare to be of commercial importance.