Scientific Name
Epinephelus stictus  
Epinephelus stictus南海石斑魚
by: ©Randall, John E.
Author Randall & Allen, 1987 Depth 37 - 200M
Chinese 南海石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 南海石斑魚 
Max Length 33 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚、中溝(澎湖) 
Distribution in World East India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality About 20 km south of Heywood Shoals, 13°33'S, 124°02'E, Western Australia, 138-142 m 
Synonyms Epinephelus diacanthus, Epinephelus sp.   
Reference The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Randall, J. E. etc. 1987 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List
Common Name Six-banded grouper; Black-dotted grouper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 15 or 16 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length contained 2.7 to 3.4 times in head length and shorter than longest rays, the interspinous membranes incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral fins not fleshy, with 18 to 20 rays; pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 1.9 times and pelvic-fin length contained 2.1 to 2.6 times in head length; caudal fin rounded; caudal-peduncle depth contained 3.8 to 4.2 times in head length. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, without auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 48 to 51; lateral-scale series 84 to 96. Pyloric caeca 12.
habitats E. stictus is found on mud or sand bottom in depths of 60 to 142 m. 
Distribution E. stictus is known only from southern Japan, Hong Kong, Hainan Island, Viet Na, South China ⁓ea, Java, and northwest Australia. The Japanese records (Katayama, 1960, 1988, ⁡s Epinephelus diacanthus<⁩/>) may be based on the single. specimen 
Utility Although this species was one of the most common species of grouper caught by trawlers in the vicinity of Hong Kong, Chan (1968) reported that it was not of much commercial importance. The small size and poor edible quality of this species probably accoun