Scientific Name
Epinephelus undulosus  
Epinephelus undulosus波紋石斑魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Depth 24 - 80M
Chinese 波紋石斑魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 波紋石斑魚 
Max Length 75 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石斑、過魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Waigiu 
Synonyms Bodianus undulosus, Cephalopholis undulosus, Serranus amboinensis, Serranus lineatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Heemstra, P.C. etc. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0055561. ASIZP0061291. ASIZP0075197. ASIZP0806672. ASIZP0916672.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Wavy-lined grouper; Brown-lined rock-cod; Brown-lined reef cod; Mid water grouper; Midwater rockcod 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XI spines and 17 to 19 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length contained 2.5 to 3.4 times in head length and longer than longest dorsal-fin ray; interspinous membranes of dorsal fin not incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 18 or 19; pectoral fins shorter than pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 2.3 times in head length; pelvic fins not reaching anus (except for juveniles), pelvic-fin length contained 1.6 to 2.2 times in head length; caudal fin truncate to emarginate. Lateral-body scales distinctly ctenoid, with numerous auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 63 to 76; lateral-scale series 124 to 150.
habitats E. undulosus is found on banks (rather than coral reefs) at depths of 24 to 90 m. According to Morgans (1982), it feeds on a variety of small fishes, small crustaceans (especially tomatopods), shrimp, and pelagic tunicates (Thalia and Pyr 
Distribution E. undulosus occurs in the northern Indian Ocean (Kenya, Somalia, Yemen, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, Laccadive Islands, India, Sri Lanka, and the Andaman Islands), and it is also known from Indonesia, Sarawak, New Guinea, Papua New Guinea, Solomon  
Utility E. undulosus is (or was) common on the North Kenya Banks off Lamu and in the Wadge Bank trawl fishery off the west coast of Sri Lanka (Morgans,l964,1982). Talwar and Kacker (1984) reported that this species is of some importance in the fishery alon