Scientific Name
Odontanthias borbonius
Odontanthias borbonius黃斑齒花鮨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Valenciennes, 1828) Depth 20 - 100M
Chinese 黃斑齒花鮨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F338 Serranidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃斑牙花鮨 
Max Length 15 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 花鱸、海金魚、紅魚(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Reunion 
Synonyms Anthias borbonicus, Anthias borbonius, Anthias ornatus, Aylopon mauritianus, Holanthias borbonicus, Holanthias borbonius, Holanthias chrysostictus, Serranus borbonius, Serranus delissii   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Smith, M. M. etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0056154. ASIZP0056527. ASIZP0058441. ASIZP0058466. ASIZP0058996. ASIZP0059685. ASIZP0059810. ASIZP0060380. ASIZP0060731. ASIZP0060889. ASIZP0062984. ASIZP0070827. ASIZP0078802. ASIZP0080077. ASIZP0802441. ASIZP0802442. ASIZP0802499. ASIZP0804336. ASIZP0912441. ASIZP0912442. ASIZP0912499. ASIZP0914336. FRIP20030. FRIP21635. NMMBP02176. NMMBP02371. NMMSTP00574. NTMP0422. NTMP0792. NTMP1170. NTMP1196. NTUM06402. NTUM06403. NTUM06404. NTUM06646. NTUM06878. NTUM07086. ...List all 38 records... 
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Checked swallowtail 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal rays X, 17-18; anal rays III,7; pectoral rays 16-18; lateral-line scales 39-43; first gillatch 11-13 on the upper limb, 27-29 on lower limb. Body depth 2.0-2.3 times and head length 2.6-2.8 times in standard length. Vomer and palatines with broad patches of minute teeth, the vomerine patch extending posteriorly past middle of palatines tooth patches; large oval patch of teeth on tongue; endo- and ectopterygoids usually bear tooth patch as well. Caudal lobes acute in specimens less than 10 cm SL. Reddish orange body, yellowish brown spot on side of body; each fins are yellowish.
habitats Inhabit deeper rocky reef, pelagic. Ecological behaviour is not clear. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Mauritius, Reunion, Comoros, Madagascar, off Durban (South Africa), Eastsouth Taiwan and Japan. 
Utility Small groupers, not commercial species, rare species; edible.