Scientific Name
Sillago chondropus  
Sillago chondropus砂大指鱚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1849) Depth 0 - 5M
Chinese 砂大指鱚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 沙鮻科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F354 Sillaginidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 砂大指鱚 
Max Length 35 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大指沙鮻、沙腸仔、kiss魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Shao, K. T., S. C. Shen etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055824. NMMBP04433. NTUM06466. NTUM06467. NTUM07115.  
Common Name Clubfoot sillago 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate. Opercle with small sharp spine; lower part of preopercle horizontal. Snout long and conical. Mouth small, terminal; end of upper jaw sliding below preorbital bone. Teeth villiform, in broad bands; small teeth on roof of mouth restricted to anterior part of vomer, none on palatines. Two separate dorsal fins, first dorsal fin with XI or XII spines; second dorsal fin with I spine and 20 or 21 soft rays; anal fin with II slender spines and 22 or 23 soft rays; first pelvic-fin raymodified into a laterally compressed thickened club-like structure. Lateral line with 66 to 73 scales. Vertebrae 12-13 + 22-23 (total 35). Swimbladder reduced in size, no duct-like process from the ventral surface to the urogenital aperture. Head and body pale sandy brown to light fawn; belly is paler, almost white. Fins are hyaline.
habitats Inhabits shallow coastal waters. 
Distribution Distributed in Indo-Pacific, including South Africa, northward to Pakistan, India, Myanmar, Indonesia, northern New Guinea, Thailand, Philippines, and Taiwan. It is very rare and only found in Hualien, eastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh.